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Historical Geography of Orissa

The region of Orissa, from the point of view of studies in historical geography, has always remained a challenging area, not least owing to its vast and complicated history, varied geography and intriguing sources. Though the h....read below

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About This Book

The region of Orissa, from the point of view of studies in historical geography, has always remained a challenging area, not least owing to its vast and complicated history, varied geography and intriguing sources. Though the historical geography of this region has been considered for analysis in the past, it has only been featured as a chapter or in a section as part of a larger whole. Thus, this work is perhaps the first attempt to present a comprehensive research study of the historical geography of Orissa.

The author, guided by long research experience, culls material from all available sources -- literary, epigraphic, etc. -- to subject the theme to a systematic analysis that leaves not a facet of the subject unexplored. He describes and delves into the ancient, medieval and modern periods of historical growth to underline the historico-geographical significance of various kingdoms and places of importance that emerged, flourished and disintegrated at different times -- as Kalinga; South Koshala; Odri, Utkala or Toshala; Trikalinga; and the many Mandala states. He studies the physical features of the area, the mountain system of the Orissa state and its rivers, with a view to showing how they have shaped its history. The transport and communication routes in the region since ancient times are retraced to reveal the region's strong cultural and economic foundations among other things.

This book, from first to last, unfolds a wealth of interesting and useful information. Complete with an exhaustive bibliography, index and maps of Orissa, the book can immensely aid further research works on the subject.

  • Foreword By :
  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788186921005
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8186921001
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 1997
  • Pages : xxiv, 324 p.
  • Bibliographic Details : 4 Maps; Bibliography; Index
  • Size : 23 cm
  • Weight (approx.) : 450 gm

Preface
Transliteration Table
Abbreviations
Maps

1. The Prologue

Naming of Orissa -- A Historical Study
The People
Language
Script (Lipi)

2. Kalinga

Origin of the Kingdom of Kalinga -- Puranic Theory
The Kalingas as a Tribe
The Baudhayana Dharmasutra
The Extent of Kalinga
Kalinga under Nanda Rule
Kalinga under the Mauryas
The Atavika Country
Kalinga under the Shungas and Kanvas
The Mahameghavahanas
The Satavahanas
Kalinga on the Eve of Samudragupta's Invasion
Invasion of Samudragupta
Kalinga under the Matharas
The Vasishthas
The Eastern Gangas
Administrative Divisions of Kalinga under the Gangas
Metropolises of Kalinga

Dantapura -- Paloura -- Pithunda -- Jaugada and Samapa -- Kalinganagara -- Simhapura -- Kalingapattana -- Vishakhapattana -- Chikhalipatna-Pura -- Jayantipura

Important Villages

3. South Koshala

The Parvatadvarakas
The Arang Copperplate Charter
The Sharabhapuriyas
The Panduvamshis (cir ad 700 to 800)
The Somavamshis
The Telugu-chodas
The Kalacuris

4. Utkala, Odra and Toshala

Utkala

Puranic Origin -- The Utkalas as a People -- The Meaning of Utkala -- Extent of Utkala

Odra

Puranic Origin -- The Odras as a People -- Geographical Location

Toshala or Toshali

5. Trikalinga

Trilinga and Tilinga in Early Literature
Trikalinga in Epigraphs
Views of Scholars
Historical Analysis

6. Feudatory Mandala States

Kongoda-Mandala
Shvetaka-Mandala
Administrative Divisions -- Capital City
Khinjali-Mandala

The Capital City -- Bhanjas of Vanjulvaka -- Vishayas and Villages -- Khinjali Under the Somavamshis -- Khinjali

Mandala Under the Gangas
Khijjinga-Mandala
Kodalaka-Mandala
Airavatta-Mandala
Yamagartta-Mandala
Banai Mandala
Cakrakota-Mandala
Khindarishringa-Mandala
Amvavadi-Mandala

7. Mountains

Kula-Parvata

Mahendragiri -- The Vindhyas -- Malayagiri

Mountains of Historical Importance

The Asia Range -- Dhauligiri -- Udayagiri-Khandagiri-Nilagiri -- Kapilas -- Gonasika -- The Baula Parvata -- Jagamanda -- Gandhamardana -- Devagiri -- Similipal -- Barapahar

8. Rivers

The Mahanadi

Tributaries of the Mahanadi -- The Mahanadi Delta

The Brahmani
The Vaitarani
Suvarnarekha
The Burhabalanga
The Rishikulya
The Vamshadhara
The Nagavali (Langulya)
The Godavari
The Indravati
The Kolab or Savari
The Macchakunda or the Matsya River

9. Routes and Highways
10. The Epilogue

Dismemberment of South Orissa
Disintegration of North Orissa

Bibliography
Index

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