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Jains in India and Abroad

A Sociological Introduction by: Dr. Prakash C. Jain

This book profiles the salient demographic, religious and sociological features of the Jain communities in India and abroad, be it their way of life, social identity, organizational features such as sects, castes, kinship, family and marriage, food, festivals and pilgrimage, Jain associations, or the status of contemporary Jain women along with their inter-ethnic relations, and the Jains’ historical and civilizational contribution to Indian culture.

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ISBN: 9788124611470
Year Of Publication: 2022
Edition: 2nd
Pages : xvi, 282
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography, Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: International School for Jain Studies Pune
Weight: 580

Overview

Jainism, one of the oldest religions of the world, found its philosophy, rituals and ethical code in the teachings of Lord Mahavira, the twenty-fourth tirthankara of Jainism. Though its reach was confined only to the Indian subcontinent for more than two-and-a-half millennia, from the twentieth century onwards, it made its presence felt across the globe, mainly in the US, the UK, Europe, East Africa and Nepal, and in smaller numbers in many other parts of the world, through its diasporic population. This book thus profiles the salient demographic as well as sociological features of the Jain communities in India and abroad.
The Jains have been a minority community consisting of less than 1 per cent of Indian population in modern times. The current population of the Jains is estimated around six million. Its diasporic communities consist of about 300,000. Despite its miniscule size, the community’s contributions to the Indian society in different realms are quite commendable, be it education, trade and commerce, politics or in running and efficiently managing charitable institutions. Other demographic features include its high literacy rate, lowest infant mortality rate and appreciable sex ratio (954 in 2011). Their approach and attitude towards all living beings stand tall among all religious communities of the world.
The book further features other socio-religious aspects of the Jain community along with its way of life, social identity, organizational features such as sects, castes, kinship, family and marriage, food, festivals and pilgrimage, Jain associations, and status of contemporary Jain women. The economic and political status of the Jains, their inter-ethnic relations, and the Jains’ historical and civilizational contribution to Indian culture and society are also vividly addressed. It navigates scholars and researchers to a wide range of areas in Jain studies for further researches.

Contents

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
List of Tables
List of Plates

1. The Jains
Origin and Growth of Jainism
History of Jainism
Sects in Jainism
Jain Social Organization
Jain Associations
Life-Cycle Rituals
Food, Festivals and Pilgrimage
Jains’ Contribution to Indian Culture and Society
Concluding Remarks

2. Jain Way of Life
Jain Philosophy
Jain Metaphysics
Jain Ontology
Doctrine of Karma
Jain Epistemology
Jain Ethics
Sectarian Monastic Organization
The Jain Way of Life: Diasporic Context
Concluding Remarks

3. Jain Population and Demography
Population Size and Growth Rate
Regional Distribution
Concentration in Ten States/Union Territories
Districts with Major Concentration of Jain Population
Urbanization
Age and Gender Structure
Jain Elderly Population
Sex and Child Sex Ratios
Marital Status
Literacy and Education
Work Participation and Occupation
Caste Categories
Concluding Remarks

4. Jain Diaspora and Its Linkages with India
Diaspora Defined
Indian Diaspora
Jain Diaspora
Diaspora-Homeland Linkages
Concluding Remarks

5 Status of Jain Women
Religious Status
“Jain Law” and Women
Social Status
Economic Status
Political Status
Demographic Status
Concluding Remarks

6 Towards a Sociology of the Jain Community
Population Dynamics
Social Identity
Social Organization
Economic Status
Minority Status
Political Status
Dualistic Organization
Religious Ethic
Segmental Orientation
Weberian Debate on Jainism
Inter-ethnic Relations
Conceptual Frameworks

Conclusion

Appendix I
Letter to the Prime Minister of India Requesting the Enactment of Separate Jain Marriage Act

Appendix II
Prominent Jain Public Figures
Religion/Spiritualism
Politics/Administration/Social Work
Business/Entrepreneurship
Literature and Journalism
Jainology/Education/Science/Teaching
Entertainment
Sports

Glossary
Bibliography
Visuals
Subject Index
Name Index

 

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“Jains in India and Abroad”

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