• img-book

    The Concept of Sent...

SKU: 9788124610671 Categories: , ,

The Concept of Sentence and Meaning

Vistas in Indian Milieu by: Dr. Sarath P. Nath

The book systematically presents the philosophical dimensions of grammatical units. The author has attempted to present the philosophy of language in a Bhart¦harian perspective. To substantiate his views, syntactic and semantic thoughts in India are elaborately discussed.



ISBN: 9788124610671
Year Of Publication: 2023
Edition: 1st
Pages : xiv, 166
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography, Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Foreword By : Professor Dr P. Narayanan Namboodir
Size: 22
Weight: 320


Definition and sense of the “meaning” were a great concern for the Indian thinkers. In order to finalize this, they have examined all the components of a communicative unit such as syllables, words, sentences and intentions of the speakers. After this examination, different philosophers, specifically, Mimamsakas, Naiyayikas and Shabdikas have arrived at the conclusion that sentence is an essential component to convey the sense of meaning to the listener. The theory of akhandavakya is based on the indivisible sphota theory and the sentence-meaning is experienced by the concept of pratibha. The division of sentence as per the priority of words occurred on the basis of mutual expectancy by which the intended meaning may be assumed by the listener.
The Vakyapadiya of Bhartrihari (sixth century) is a text which elaborately explains the notions on sentence. The book systematically presents the philosophical dimensions of grammatical units. The author has attempted to present the philosophy of language in a Bhartriharian perspective. To substantiate his views, syntactic and semantic thoughts in India are elaborately discussed.
Though the significance of the work can only be understood by those scholars who are well versed in Helaraja and Punyaraja, it will, undoubtedly, remain an asset to the field of grammatical deliberations.


Foreword v
Preface vii
1. The Philosophy of Language: A Bhartr̥harian 1
The Concept of Language: Indian Perspectives 1
The Philosophy of Language 2
The Basic Problems of the Philosophy of Language 3
Syntactic and Semantic Thoughts in India 5
The Concept of Sentence 6
Bhartr̥hari: The Philosopher Linguist 6
Date of Bhartr̥hari 7
Works of Bhartr̥hari 9
Mahābhāṣyadīpikā 11
Vākyapadīya 11
Structural Analysis of Vākyapadīya 12
Commentaries of Vākyapadīya 15
Vr̥tti 16
Puṇyarāja 17
Helārāja 17
Vr̥ṣabhadeva 20
Dravyesa Jha 21
Suryanarayana Sukla 21
Raghunatha Sarma 22
Vamadeva Acarya 23
K.A. Subramania Iyer 23
K. Raghavan Pillai 24
M.H. Sastri 25
2. Perspectives on the Concept of Sentence in Indian Systems of Knowledge
Śabda: A Valid Source of Knowledge 27
Śabda-pramāṇa and Sentence 29
Defining Sentence: Various Views 32
Sentence According to the Mīmāṁsā School 32
Sentence According to the Nyāya School 35
Sentence According to the School of Vyākaraṇa 40
Sentence According to Other Schools 42
Nature of Sentence-Meaning: Various Perspectives 43
Mīmāṁsakas’ View on Sentence-Meaning 44
Abhihitānvaya and Anvitābhidhāna Theories of 45
Abhihitānvaya Theory 46
Anvitābhidhāna Theory 49
Naiyāyikas’ View on Sentence-Meaning 52
Sentence-Meaning in Other Systems of Knowledge 54
Three Views on Semantic Interpretation of Sentence 56
Theory of Vyāpārārthamukhyaviśeṣyakaśābdabodha 56
Theory of Prathamāntārthamukhyaviśeṣyakaśābdabodha 57
Theory of Akhyātārthamukhyaviśeṣyakaśābdabodha 57
Requisites for Understanding the Sentence-Meaning 58
Ākāṅkṣā (Syntactic Expectancy) 58
Yogyatā (Congruity) 59
Sannidhi (Proximity) 60
Tātparya (Import) 61
3. The Concept of Sentence and Sentence-Meaning: 65
Gleanings from Vākyapadīya
Language Analysis in Vākyapadīya 65
Absolute Level 65
Communicative Level 66
Analytic Level 66
Definition of Sentence 67
Saṅghātaḥ Vākyam 68
Kramaḥ Vākyam 69
Ākhyātaśabdaḥ Vākyam 70
Padamādyam Vākyam 72
Pr̥thak Sarvam Padam Sākāṅkṣam Vākyam 73
Eko’navayavaḥ Śabdaḥ Vākyam 73
Jātiḥ Saṅghātavartinī Vākyam 76
Budhyanusamhr̥tiḥ Vākyam 77
Sakhaṇḍa and Akhaṇḍa Schools of Sentence 80
The Concept of Sentence Indivisibility and Sphoṭa 83
The Concept of Sentence-Meaning 88
Six Views on Sentence-Meaning 89
Kriyā Vākyārthaḥ 90
Saṁsargaḥ Vākyārthaḥ 91
Saṁsr̥ṣṭa Evārthaḥ Vākyārthaḥ 92
Viśeṣarūpāpannaḥ Padārthaḥ eva Vākyārthaḥ 92
Prayojanam Vākyārthaḥ 93
Pratibhā Vākyārthaḥ 94
Various Means of Ascertainment of Meaning 95
4. The Concept of Pratibhā and Its Implications 101
Origin and Development of the Concept of Pratibhā 101
The Concept of Pratibhā in Indian Philosophy 102
The Concept of Pratibhā in Indian Poetics 105
The Concept of Pratibhā in Vākyapadīya 107
Characteristics of Pratibhā 108
Pratibhā: A Semantic Concept 110
Pratibhā: Indivisibility of Meaning 111
Extralingual Meaning 112
Pratibhā: An Intuitive Instinct 113
Pratibhā: Its Sources 116
The Concept of Pratibhā and Its Implications 119
Pratibhā and Vāk 119
Pratibhā and the Sentence-Sphoṭa 121
Pratibhā and the Concept of Transformations in Modern 123
5. Conclusion 127
Bibliography 135
Index 147

Meet the Author
Working as Assistant Professor with seven years of experience teaching undergraduate and post graduate courses in Sanskrit. Extensive knowledge of Sanskrit grammer, linguistics and Sanskrit literature. Actively participate in continued leaning through seminars, professional research and publishing papers. Designed course and syllabus in the under graduate level as the Member of the Baord of Studies in Sanskrit. Believe in students' ablities to learn and inherent thirst for knowledge with the right environment. Actively work to connect students to their material to transform lives.  
Books of Dr. Sarath P. Nath

“The Concept of Sentence and Meaning”

There are no reviews yet.