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History and Culture of Tamil Nadu (Vol. 1)

As Gleaned from the Sanskrit Inscriptions (Up to c. AD 1310)

Inscriptions are the most authentic and vital source for reconstructing the history of India. Epigraphs were composed in Sanskrit in various parts of India and the ancient Tamil country was no exception to this practice. Among ....read below

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About This Book

Inscriptions are the most authentic and vital source for reconstructing the history of India. Epigraphs were composed in Sanskrit in various parts of India and the ancient Tamil country was no exception to this practice. Among the thousands of epigraphs found all over Tamil Nadu, a large number are composed in chaste Sanskrit and these as well as the Sanskrit portions of the bi-lingual copper-plate records serve as an important source of data about the conditions which existed in the ancient Tamil country. These Sanskrit inscriptions are also excellent pieces of prose and poetry and reveal the high standard which this language had attained in the ancient past in the Tamil country.

This is a comprehensive and interesting work dealing with the Sanskrit inscriptions of ancient Tamil Nadu belonging to the period of the Pallavas, Pandyas and Colas and their vassals. It focuses attention on aspects of civil and military administration, social and economic life, education, literature and also the religious and cultural conditions of those ages. These inscriptions serve to highlight the cultural richness which Tamil Nadu enjoyed specially under the Pallavas, Pandyas and Colas.

This book is a valuable contribution to the field of epigraphy and to the history of Tamil Nadu.

  • Foreword By :
  • Binding: : Paperback
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124603802
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124603804
  • Edition : 3rd Impression
  • Year : 2013
  • Pages : xix, 305
  • Bibliographic Details : Appendix; Index; Bibliography
  • Size : 22 cm
  • Weight (approx.) : 470 gm

Foreword
Preface
Abbreviations
Key to Transliteration

Introduction

1. Political Geography

Nadu
Valanadu
Mandalam
Capital Cities
Kavcipuram
Tavjavur
Gangaikondacolapuram
Madurai
Port Cities
Mamallapuram
Nagapattinam
Vatapi
Manyakheta
Kerala
Utkala and Kalinga
Overseas Contacts
Sri Lanka
Kamboja
Kataha

2. Administration (Civil)

The King
Qualities of a King
Divine Origin
Duties of the Kings
Paternal Aspect of Kingship
Kings as Upholders of Dharma
Kings as Upholders of Social Order
Succession
Coronation Ceremony
Yuvaraja
Imperial Titles
Royal Emblems
Ministers
Amatyas
Mantris
Saciva
Mahamatras
Adhyakshas
Treasurer
Spies
Rahasyadhikrit
Sandhivigraha
Karanika
Gajadhyaksha: Superintendent of Elephants
Members of the Royal Family
Vassal Chiefs
Justice
Punishments
Imprecatory Verses
Revenue Administration
Pariharas
Expenditure

3. Administration (Military)

Army Generals
Composition of the Army
Divisions in the Army
Chariots
Elephants
Cavalry
Import of Horses
Infantry
Military Ethics
Character of the Soldiers
Weapons of War
Musical Instruments Used in Wars
Camps
Forts
Navy

4. Economic Life

Agriculture
Crops
Irrigation
Tanks
Maintenance of Tanks
Income From Tanks
Wells
Channels
Water-Levers
Artisans
Goldsmith
Blacksmith
Leather Workers
Barbers
Weavers
Architects
Special Privileges
Guilds
The Temple as a Socio-Economic Centre
Priests
Accountants
Medicine
Weights and Measures
Land Measures
Nivartana
Pattika
Weights
Kalavju
Dinara

5. Social Life

Brahmanas
Brahmanas as Administrators and Warriors
Other Castes
Women
Queens
Sports and Pastimes
Wrestling
Gambling

6. Education and Literature

Education of Princes
Kings and Patrons of Education
Centres of Education
Centres of Brahmanical Learning
Ghatika
Meeting Place of the Ghatika
Members of the Ghatika
Subjects Taught at the Ghatika
Vidyasthana
Mathas
Agraharas
Temple Colleges
Shalai
Popular Education
Sanskrit Learning in the Tamil Country
Vidyacakravartins
Inscriptions as a Mirror to Sanskrit Literature
Bhagiratha
Vaishnava Mythology
Dashavatara
Varaha
Trivikrama
Parashurama
Rama
Krishna
Adishesha
Lakshmi
Shaiva Mythology
Parvati
Ganesha
Muruga
Harihara
Brahma
Sarasvati
Indra
Sages
Metres
Fine-Arts
Music
Dance
Painting
Sculpture
Art of Theft

7. Religion

Alvars and Nayanmars
Temple Gardens
Pashupatas, Kalamukhas and Kapalikas
Ritual Sacrifices
Mahadanas
Rivers
Cows
Spiritual Preceptors
Jainism
Buddhism

Conclusion
Appendix
Bibliography
Index

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