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Science in Archaeology and Archaeo-Materials

Archaeology seeks to reconstruct the past by critically analysing various archaeo-remains such as artefacts, monuments, fossils etc. While much of what archaeology teaches, such as the postulates regarding the origin of the uni....read below

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About This Book

Archaeology seeks to reconstruct the past by critically analysing various archaeo-remains such as artefacts, monuments, fossils etc. While much of what archaeology teaches, such as the postulates regarding the origin of the universe, social organisation in pre-historic times, the division of time periods etc., rightfully belong to the domain of conjecture, the ever-increasing use of tools derived from the various sciences -- in particular the material and digital sciences -- is rapidly justifying the description of archaeology as "the most basic of sciences."

This book, in which twenty-six authors have collaborated to present fifteen articles, seeks to level a new focus on archaeology and underscore the importance of using scientific knowledge and methods in its pursuit. This book can be broadly segmented as the section on "Science in Archaeological Studies" and "Science in Archaeo-material Studies."

To that end, the very first leading article in this monograph reviews the "two cultures" inherent in archaeology and strongly endorses the scientific aspect. The recent contributions of modern science towards archaeological research have been reviewed in this article and strongly recommended to the young learners and researchers for emulation. Thereafter, methods as diverse as radio-carbon dating; remote sensing in archaeological surveys aided by micro-electronics; genetic perspective of the Indian population; analysis of archaeological residues and slag, Indian pottery and archaeo-metals; use of non-destructive testing methodo-logies etc., are discussed in detail. These articles will serve as pointers for future generations of archaeologists in their quest for more exhaustive and verifiable knowledge.

  • Foreword By :
  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124603116
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124603111
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2005
  • Pages : viii, 374p.
  • Bibliographic Details : 27 Coloured photographs; Figures; Index
  • Size : 29 cm
  • Weight (approx.) : 1500 gm

Introduction

Part I
Science in Archaeological Studies

I. Science in Archaeology

-- Arun Kumar Biswas

II. Prehistoric Sequence Datings: A Review

-- D.K. Bhattacharyya

III. Radiocarbon Dating by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry in Archaeology

-- D.P. Chowdhury

IV. Spatio-thematic Information: Role of Remote-Sensing -- An Aid to Archaeological Survey

-- Parthasarathi Chakravarti
-- Sanjay Nag

V. Microelectronics in Archaeological Remote Sensing

-- Swapan Sen

VI. Genetic Perspective of Origin and Evolution of Indian Population

-- Susanta Roychoudhury
-- sangita Roy

Part II
Science in Archaeo-Material Studies

VII. Remains, Residues and Slags in Indian Archaeology

-- Arun Kumar Biswas

VIII. Beyond Waves and shapes: gaining A Petrographic Perspective

-- K. Krishnan
-- K. Kajal Shah

IX. Pottery technology and Provenance Studies Chandraketugarh

-- Anjan Das
-- Sheena Panja
-- Tapas Kumar Mukhopadhyay
-- Sachchiodandanda Chakravarti

X. Metallurgy for Archaeology

-- P. Ramachandra Rao
-- R.K. Mandal

XI. Copper and Copper Alloys in Archaeological Perspective

-- Prasanta Datta

XII. Emission Spectrography as a Scientific Tool

-- M.L. Dutta

XIII. Characterization of Rust on Ancient Indian Iron

-- R. Balasubramaniam
-- A.V. Ramesh Kumar
-- P. Dillmann

XIV. Basic Principles and Modern Techniques in the Studies of Archaeo-Materials in Eastern India

-- Pranab Chattopadhyay

XV. Non-destructive Evalution for Characterization of Archaeometallurgy Objects

-- Baldev Raj
-- B.V.R. Tata
-- T. Jayakumar
-- U. Kamachi Mudali

List of Contributors
Index

  

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