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Theories of Language

Oriental and Occidental by: Korada Subrahmanyam

The book is the end result of indepth study and decades’ research on the Oriental and Occidental language theories. The theories that are propounded and expounded by Indian sages and intelligentsia are impeccable, incorrigible and time-tested besides being universal. The book should interest scholars for advanced linguistic study of both kinds.

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Details

ISBN: 9788124604557
Year Of Publication: 2008
Edition: 1st
Pages : xii, 172
Bibliographic Details : Glossary; Bibliography; Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23 cm.
Weight: 450

Overview

The volume presents a panorama of the theories of language, covering both ancient and modern theories. It deals with the origin and development of ancient theories of language with their clear and unambiguous definitions, rules and norms that offer impeccable solutions to all problems at syntactic and semantic levels. With systematic and logical explanations of language theories, the work examines ancient grammar including connection of vyakaranam with philosophy and sphota. It also takes up the origin and development of Western linguistic theories emphasising on the inability of modern linguistic science to agree on basic definitions, as of the meaning of a word, and concepts of discourse, text, macro sentence, with there being an attempt to constantly revise theories. It analyses the chief concepts studied by ancient Indian and other linguists pertaining to discourse, particularly the importance of inference in the Nyaya system of Indian philosophy and the Nyaya logical discourse. The volume will provide students and scholars of philosophy a fundamental work on linguistic theories.

Contents

Preface
Key to Transliteration
Introduction
1. Origin and Development of Ancient Theories of Language
Types of Discourse
Purva-Mimamsa
Abhihitanvayavada
Anvitabhidhanavada
Uttara-Mimamsa (Vedanta)
Vyakaranam I
Vyakaranam II
Nyaya and Vaisheshika
Alamkarashastram
Vakyam (Sentence)
The Karaka Theory
Karta
Karma
Karanam
Sampradanam
Apadanam
Adhikaranam
Sheshah
Padam (Word)
Varnah (Phoneme)
Medicine, Surgery and Linguistics
2. The Connection of Vyakaranam with Philosophy and Sphota
Vagvyaparah (Speech-Process)
3. The Origin and Development of Western Linguistics
Contents
Humboldt
Structural Linguistics
Structuralism
Discovery of Sanskrit and the Revolution in the Western World
Refutations-Within
Phonology
Morphology
Syntax
Discourse
Deictic Elements
Machine Translation
X-bar Theory
Government Binding Theory
Systemic Linguistics
Tagmemic Theory
4. Oriental vs. Occidental
Phonetics
Padam and Word
Vakyam and Sentence
Vak and language
Artha and Meaning
Vyakaranam and Grammar
Language Acquisition
Pratibha (Competence) and Vyavahara (Performance)
5. Discourse Analysis — East and West
6. Inference, Syllogism and the Logical Discourse
7. Aryas and Purism of Language
Relation of Shabda and Artha
Categorization of Shabdas
Glossary
Bibliography (Oriental & Occidental)
Index

Meet the Author
avatar-author
1954
Prof. Korada Subrahmanyam has been at the Centre for Applied Linguistics and Translation Studies University of Hyderabad, since 1988. Right from an early age, the teacher was imparted education in Gurukula system and he is a blend of Oriental and Occidental types of Education. Paniniyan Grammar, Philosophy of Language, Translation, Linguistics, Indian Literary Theories, Vedangas, Darshanas and Machine Translation - are some of his subjects of interest. Prof. Subrahmanyam was a UGC Visiting Fellow at MS University of Baroda during 2000-01. The Indian Council for Cultural Relations, under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, drafted him for Visiting Professorship abroad in 2005. The teacher was honoured with 11 Panditasammanas at different places across India. His other works are - Mahavakyavicarah Vakyapadiyam (Brahmakanda, English Trans.); Four Vrttis in Panini, Pramanas in Indian Philosophy (in process).
Books of Korada Subrahmanyam