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Meaning of Nouns

Semantic Theory in Classical and Medieval India -- Namartha-nirnaya of Kaundabhatta by: Madhav M. Deshpande

The present book is a heavily annotated translation of the Namartha-nirnaya section of Kaundabhatta’s Vaiyakarana-bhushana, with an extensive introduction. While there are several books that discuss Indian semantic theories in general terms, this book belongs to a small class of intensive, focused studies of densely written philosophical texts which examine each argument in its historical and philosophical context. It is of interest to all students of philosophy of language in general, and to students of Indian philosophy in particular.

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ISBN: 9788124604311
Year Of Publication: 2018
Edition: 2nd
Pages : x, 296
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography; Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23
Weight: 550

Overview

Kaundabhatta’s Vaiyakarana-bhushana is a massive work on semantic theory written in India in the 17th century. Kaundabhatta belonged to the tradition of Sanskrit grammar and in this work he consolidated the philosophy of language developed in the Paninian tradition of Sanskrit grammar. His work takes account of the philosophical debate which occurred in classical and medieval India among the philosophers and grammarians from about 500 bc. to the 17th century ad and primarily represents this debate between the traditions of Sanskrit grammar, Mimamsa, and Nyaya-Vaisheshika. It discusses ontological, epistemological, and exegetical issues concerning the notion of meaning as it relates to the various components of language. The present book is a heavily annotated translation of the Namartha-nirnaya section of Kauandabhatta’s Vaiyakarana-bhushana, with an extensive introduction. While there are several books that discuss Indian semantic theories in general terms, this book belongs to a small class of intensive, focused studies of densely written

Contents

Approximate Chronology of Indian Philosophers
Preface
Introduction
A. Artha “Meaning”
B. Logical Basis of Semantic Analysis
C. What is a Naman “Noun, Nominal Stem”?
D. Ontology of Possible Nominal Meanings
Jati / Akriti “Generic Property/Configuration”
Sattva / Dravya / Vyakti “Individual Object”
Linga “Gender”
Samkhya “Number”
Karaka “Means to Bring about an Action”
E. Functional Apparatus of a Semantic Theroy
Vritti / Shakti “Signification Function of Words”
Pravritti-nimitta / Shakyatavacchedaka
Shaktatavacchedaka
Shabda-bodha “Verbal Cognition”
Lakshana “Secondary Signification Function”
F. Shabda itself as Artha: Use versus Mention
G. Bhattoji Dikshita and Kaundabhatta
H. Kaundabhatta’s Namartha-nirnaya
I. Conclusion
Some Features of Philosophical Discourse
Namartha-Nirnaya with Translation and Annotation
Section One
Section Two
Section Three
Section Four
Section Five
Section Six
Section Seven
Bibliography
Index

Meet the Author
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Madhav M. Deshpande is Professor of Sanskrit and Linguistics in the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures, University of Michigan, where he has been on the faculty since 1972 teaching all levels of Sanskrit as well as Pali, Prakrit and Hinduism. His research relates to the fields of Paninian, historical, and socio-linguistics, as well as the cultural and linguistic history of India. Besides his research publications Aryan and Non-Aryan in India; Kaundabhatta on the Philosophy of Nominal Meaning; and Evolution of Syntactic Theory in Sanskrit Grammar. Professor Deshpande has participated in Shastric and literary debates and has also published Sanskrit poems and plays.
Books of Madhav M. Deshpande
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