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    Temples with Multipl...

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Temples with Multiple Garbhagrhas

An Iconographic Consideration of Selected Indian Monuments by: Fredrick W. Bunce

This volume identifies and presents over one-hundred temples having more than one garbhagrha, categorized as dvikuta, trikuta, catuskuta, pancakuta, saptakuta, navakuta and caunsath. It features the temples in detail: their historical milieu, their iconography and the application of mandala(s) to their plans.



ISBN: 9788124607251
Year Of Publication: 2014
Edition: 1st
Pages : xxi, 285p.
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography; Appendices
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23
Weight: 1250


Hindu temples are raised to their deities. They are a means to acknowledge the deity and to enshrine his/her images. People honour and worship the deity. Within the Hindu pantheon, there is an array of divinities spread over three major sects Þ Vaisnava, Saiva and Sakta. All these sects have stemmed from the Vedic teachings and beliefs. Normally a temple is devoted to a single diety, having a solitary sanctum (garbhagrha), called ekakuta. In this volume, the author, through his serious research, has made a sincere attempt to identify, present and feature about one hundred temples with multiple garbhagrhas which are categorized as dvikuta, trikuta, catuskuta, pancakuta, saptakuta, navakuta and caunsath yogini temple.
This book delves deep into the details of these temples: their historical milieu, their iconography, the application of mandala(s) to their plans and so on. It also attempts to correct those errors crept in the earlier studies of other researchers in understanding and detailing a few multiple garbhagrhas. The author has given a brief description of such temples and has made a sincere effort to provide a relatively precise scale rendering of those temples, in a size and format, commensurate with their importance.
This volume can serve architects, temple planners, researchers, vastu experts and even historians as a sourcebook on temples with multiple garbhagrhas.


Preface List of Plates List of Figures Abbreviations Introduction Selected Temples in India with Multiple Garbhagrihas (Shrines)
Racigudi Trikuta Temple, Aihole
Jambulingeshvara Trikuta Shrine, Badami
Caunsath Yogini Temple, Hirapur
Candragupta Trikuta Basadi, Sravanabelagola
Kailasanatha Temple, Kancipuram
Siddheshvara Dvikuta Temple, Algodu
Jaina (Trikuta) Basadi No. 15, Deogarh
Vaidyanatheshvara Dvikuta Temple, Vaidyanathapura
Gangadhareshvara Dvikuta Temple, Doddaisvara
Saiva Dvikuta Temple, Chaudadampur
Caunsath Yogini Sanctuary, Khajuraho
Kalleshvara Dvikuta Temple, Bagali
Jaina Tirthankara Trikuta Basadi, Arasibedi
Bhimeshvara Catuskuta Temple, Nilagunda
Mahadeva Trikuta Temple, Benakotagi
Trikuteshvara Temple, Gadag
Kedareshvara Trikuta Temple, Balagamve
Kallappa-Mallappa (Harihara) Dvikuta Temple, Devaragennur Kasivisveshvara Dvikuta Temple, Lakkundi
Rameshvara Trikuta Temple, Yaragal
Ishvara Trikuta Temple, Basarakodu
Basavanna (Traipurusa) Trikuta Temple, Malghana
Candramaulishvara Temple, Unkal
Someshvara Trikuta Temple, Kabali
Caunsath Yogini Mandir and Gauri Sankara Temple, Bheraghat
Someshvara Trikuta Temple, Haralhalli, Karnataka
Laksmi-Devi Catuskuta Temple, Dodda Gadduvalli
Trikuteshvara Trikuta Temple, Gorur
Cennakesava Temple, Belur
Anantasayana Trikuta Temple, Navali
Hoysaleshvara Dvikuta Temple, Halebid
Mallikarjuna Trikuta Temple, Hirebevinuru
Rameshvara Dvikuta Temple, Yaragal
Sankaralinga Trikuta Temple, Dhulakheda
Ramalinga Dvikuta Temple, Sirur
Narayana Trikuta Temple, Anekannambadi
Siddhalingeshvara Pancakuta Temple, Siruvala
Mallikarjuna Trikuta Temple, Katnahalli
Mallikarjuna Trikuta Temple, Hospet
Sangameshvara Trikuta Temple, Bevura
Ramalinga Dvikuta Temple, Horti
Kote Sankaralinga Dvikuta Temple, Nimbal
Sambhulinga Dvikuta Temple, Kakkalameli
Navalingeshvara Navakuta Temple, Kukkanur
Kalideva Dvikuta Temple, Kummsi
Sankaralinga Dvikuta Temple, Kalakere
Sangameshvara Trikuta Temple, Babalesvara
Ramalinga Trikuta Temple, Itigi
Narayana Trikuta Temple, Ingalesvara
Ramalingeshvara Trikuta Temple, Kundaragi
Buceshvara Dvikuta Temple, Koravangala
Rameshvara Trikuta Shrine, Kurugod
Basti or Kalla-Gudi Trikuta Temple, Degamve
Someshvara Trikuta Temple, Ingalesvara
Parmananda Triuta Temple, Konnur
Viranarayana Trikuta Temple, Belvadi
Surya-Narayana Trikuta Temple, Magala
Ishvara Dvikuta Temple, Arsikere
Laksmi-Narasimha Trikuta Temple, Bhadravati
Pancalingeshvara Pancakuta Temple, Govindanahalli
Mallikarjuna Trikuta Temple, Basaralu
Surya Temple, Konarka
Keshava Trikuta Temple, Somanathapur
Shaiva Dvikuta Temple, Hampi
Kampilaraya Trikuta Temple (No. 1), Hampi
Kampilarsya Trikuta Temple (No. 3), Hampi
Minor Dvikuta Shrine (Amman), Vijayanagara
Kunthu Jinanatha Dvikuta Jinalaya, Kamalapura
Parsvanatha Dvikuta Jinalaya, Hampi
Amman Dvikuta Temple Malyavantha Raghunatha Complex,
Amman Dvikuta Shrine, Vitthala Temple Complex, Hampi
Candrashekhara Dvikuta Temple, Hampi
Amman Dvikuta Shrine, Acyutaraya Temple Complex, Hampi
Trikuteshvara (Siva) Temple, Timmalapur
Observations and Conclusions
Sect of Considered Temples
Appendices A: Glossary and Application of Terms
B: List of Dvikuta, Trikuta, Catuskuta, Pancakuta,
Saptakuta, Navakuta and Caunsath Temples
C: Miscellaneous Plans and Elevations
D: Relevant Ruling Dynasties

Meet the Author
Fredrick W. Bunce, a PhD and a cultural historian of international eminence, is an authority on ancient iconography and Buddhist arts. He has been honoured with prestigious awards/commendations and is listed in Who’s Who in American Art and the International Biographical Dictionary, 1980. He is currently Professor Emeritus of Art, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana. He has authored the following books all published by D.K. Printworld: Buddhist Textile of Laos, Lan Na and the Isan - The Iconography of Design Elements. A Dictionary of Buddhist and Hindu Iconography. An Encyclopaedia of Buddhist Deities, Demigods, Godlings, Saints and Demons (2 vols.). An Encyclopaedia of Hindu Deities, Demigods, Godlings, Demons and Heroes (3 vols.). The Iconography of Architectural Plans - A Study of the Influence of Buddhism and Hinduism on Plans of South and South-east Asia. Islamic Tombs in India - The Iconographical and Genesis of their Design. Monuments of India and the Indianized States. The Mosques of the Indian Subcontinent - Their Development and Iconography. Mudras in Buddhist and Hindu Practices - An Iconographic Consideration. Numbers - Their Iconographic Consideration in Buddhist and Hindu Practices. Royal Palaces, Residences and Pavilions of India - An Iconographic Consideration. The Sacred Dichotomy: Thoughts and Comments on The Duality of Female and Male Iconography in South Asia and the Mediterranean. The Tibetan Iconography of Buddhas, Bodhisattvas and other Deities - A Unique Pantheon. The Yantra of Deities and their Numerological Foundations - An Iconographic Consideration.