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Vajrayana Images of the Bao-Xiang Lou

(Pao-hsiang Lou) 3 Vols. by: Fredrick W. Bunce

The three scholarly volumes contain an iconographic analysis and compilation of the over 760 images from the six chapels of the Pao-hsiang Lou in the Forbidden City, Beijing. There are details of each image like name in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese; physical description; iconographical and stylistic features; and associated images.

14,000.00 12,600.00


ISBN: 9788124604809
Year Of Publication: 2009
Edition: 1st
Pages : xxxvi, xxii, xxii, 1008
Bibliographic Details : 765 B/w photographs, line drawings;Bibliography; Glossary; Appendices
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 30 cm.
Weight: 10200


The three volumes contain an iconographic analysis and compilation of the over 760 images from the six chapels of the Pao-hsiang Lou (Bao-xiang Lou) in the garden of the Tzu-ning Kung (Palace of Kindness and Tranquillity) in the Forbidden City, Beijing. The pavilion Pao-hsiang Lou, a two-storied simple structure with seven chapels on each floor, holds hundreds of Tibetan Buddhist images of remarkable quality. The volumes present the entire set of images, each reproduced and explained with great clarity. There are details of each image with regard to the physical description of the figure portrayed and its various iconographical and stylistic features and associated images. Each entry contains the name of the deity with the Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese transliterations of the name. The very interesting and useful introduction discusses deities of mandalas, placement of deities within a single chapel, images of the Pao-hsiang Lou pantheon compared to the Chu Fo P’u-sa Sheng Hsiang Tsan pantheon, variations in depiction of images with regard to their hair, crown and other parts and associated ornaments, and the asanas of the images. The scholarly volumes are a result of the painstaking research by the author by referring to noted experts on the subject. The volumes will interest all students and scholars of Buddhist art and iconography.


Volume — 3



User’s Guide

Chapel 6

6 M 1-9

Amitayus (Amitabha) (Buddha) — Marici(Fo-mu) — Sita-Tara (Fo-mu) — Vijaya (Fo-mu) — Ekadashamukha-Avalokiteshvara — Caturbhuja-Avalokiteshvara — Sitatapatra (Fo-mu) — Shyama-Tara (Fo-mu) — Pratisara (Fo-mu)

6 A 1-61

AE-ni-lo (Anila or Andhira) (Mahayakshasenapati) — Mi-ch’i-lo (Mekhila or Mihira) (Mahayakshasenapati) — Po-ch’ai-lo (Vajra) (Mahayakshasenapati) — Kumbhira (Mahayakshasenapati) — Tamodghatamati(?) (Bodhisattva) — Sudarshana (Bodhisattva) — Amoghavikramin (Bodhisattva) — Jnanakara (Bodhisattva) — Padmanarteshvara-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Ch’i-hou (Halahala) Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Mahabhumika-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Caturmukhashtabhuja-Hayagrivavajra — Trimukhacaturbhuja-Maitreya (Bodhisattva) — Sumerushikharadhararaja (Bodhisattva) — Dundubhisvara (Bodhisattva) — Sumerukuta (Bodhisattva) — Prabhamati or Prajnaloka (Bodhisattva) — Maitreya (Bodhisattva) — Mahamati (Bodhisattva) — Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Candravairocana (Bodhisattva) — Krishna-Jambhalavajra — Vajrashrinkhala (Fo-mu) — Vajragandhari(Fo-mu) — Pita-Aparajita (Fo-mu) — Vajrapani (Bodhisattva) — Suryavairocana (Bodhisattva) — Chiu-t’o P’u-sa — Manjushri(Bodhisattva) — Sita-Acalavajra — Hayagrivavajra — Simhavahana-Manjushri(Bodhisattva) — Manjushri(Bodhisattva) — Simhanada-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Caturbhuja-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Ekadashamukha-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Samgramatarini(Fo-mu) — Dhvajagrakeyura (Fo-mu) — Mahapratyangira (Fo-mu) — Pita-Marici(Fo-mu) — Dhvajagra(?) (Buddha) — Tikshna-Manjushri(Bodhisattva) — Marici(Fo-mu) — Vajrapani — Khasarpana-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Ishvara (= Lokeshvara)-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Sitatapatra (Fo-mu) — Maitreya (Buddha) — Pita-Jambhalavajra — Caturbhuja-Acalavajra — Rakta-Sarasvati(Fo-mu) — Shadbhuja-Jambhalavajra — Janguli(Fo-mu) — Sita-Vishva (Fo-mu) — Shramana (Fo-mu) — Sarvarthasadhana-Tara (Fo-mu) — Sahasrapramardani(Fo-mu) — Mantranudharini(Fo-mu) — Shitavati(Fo-mu) — Mahamayuri(Fo-mu) — Prajnaparamita (Fo-mu)

6 B 1-61

Marici(Fo-mu) — Dvadashabhuja-Marici(Fo-mu) — Shadbhuja-Parnashabari(Fo-mu) — Trimukhashtabhuja-rakta-Hayagrivavajra — Shadbhuja-Sarasvati(Fo-mu) — Ta-chi-fen-mu — Aparajita — Shrinkhala(?) — Ratnavajri(?) — Lan-mu-ta-lieh-ta-na-ma Hsi-mu (Antardhanamasi) — Ma-ha-lieh-tsu-wa-lieh-ma Hsi-mu Maharajavara(?) — (Mahacivaramasi) — Pa-ta-lieh-ka-lieh-ma Hsi-mu Bhadrakara(?) — (Padakramasi) — Hai-pi-mu — Ashtabhuja-Vajratara (Fo-mu) — Caturbhuja-cintamanicakra-Tara (Fo-mu) — Trimukhashadbhuja-sita-Tara (Fo-mu) — Jayada (Fo-mu) — Po-hu-lo (Mahayakshasenapati) — Chen-ta-lo (Mahayakshasenapati) — Chu-tu-lo (Mahayakshasenapati) — P’i-chieh-lo (Mahayakshasenapati) — Candraprabha — A-lieh-ka-ma Hsi-mu (Arkamasi) — Ma-lieh-ka-ma Hsi-mu (Indumasior Markamasi) — Wei-yen-mu — Vijaya (Fo-mu) — Ch’iu-ts-ai Fo-mu — Vajravidarana (Vajravidarani?) — Fen-nu Wei-chi Fo-mu — Pita-Jambhalavajra — Pravira(?)-Tara (Fo-mu) — Tzu-chu-lin (Khadiravani?) Tara (Fo-mu) — Mo-ni-lo (Anila) (Mahayakshasenapati) — So-ni-lo (Shandilya) (Mahayakshasenapati) — Indra (Mahayakshasenapati) — P’o-i-lo (Pajra) (Mahayakshasenapati) — Sita-Tara (Fo-mu) — Amitayus (Buddha) — Pratisara (Fo-mu) — Shodashabhuja-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Sita-Manjushri(Bodhisattva) — Janguli(Fo-mu) — Mahabalavajra — Vighnatakavajra — Rajalila-Manjushri(Bodhisattva) — Bhramarasvara-Manjushri(Bodhisattva) — Namasangiti-Manjushri(Bodhisattva) — Cina-Tara (Fo-mu) — Ch’i-hou Ishvara (=Lokeshvara)-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Trailokyavashamkara-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Caturbhuja-rakta-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Nilakantha-Ishvara (=Lokeshvara)-Avalokiteshvara (Bodhisattva) — Pancamukha-dvadashabhuja-Krishna-Avalokiteshvara — (Bodhisattva) — Amoghapasha-Ishvara (=Lokeshvara)- Avalokiteshvara — (Bodhisattva) — Shrivadirat (Bodhisattva) — Anangavajra (Bodhisattva) — Dvibhuja-Dharmadhatu-vagishvara (Buddha) — Durgottarini-Tara (Fo-mu) — Dvibhuja-Ekajata (Fo-mu) — Caturbhuja-Cunda (Fo-mu) — Dashabhuja-Marici(Fo-mu) — Observations


Appendix A


Appendix B

The Thousand Buddhas — 1000 Buddhas, Alphabetical List

Appendix C

Mandalas and the Bao-xiang Lou Pantheon — Pindikrama Akshobhya Mandala (NSP 2) — Samputatantra Vajrasattva Mandala (NSP 3a) — Hevajra Mandala (NSP 5b) — Vajrahumkara Mandala (NSP 11) — Samvara Mandala (NSP 12 — Yogambara Mandala (NSP 14) — Krishna Yamari Mandala (NSP 15) — MariciMandala (NSP 17) — Pancaraksha Mandala (NSP 18) — Vajradhatu-(Vairocana) Mandala (NSP 19) — Dharmadhatu Vagishvara (Manjughosha) Mandala (NSP 21) — Durgatiparishodhana Mahavairocana Mandala (NSP 22) — Bhutadamara Mandala (NSP 23) — Pancadaka Mandala (NSP 24) — Shatcakravartis Mandala (NSP 25) — Kalacakra Mandala (partial) (NSP 26) — Kalacakra Mandala (NSP 26) — Vajrabhairava Mandala (LC II) — Abhisambodhi-karunodgata Vairocana Mandala (RV) — Deity Bhaishajyaguru Mandala (RV) — Distribution of the Deities per Mandala — List of the Deities within the Mandalas

Appendix D

Alphabetical List of Deities within Chapels


Meet the Author
Fredrick W. Bunce, a PhD and a cultural historian of international eminence, is an authority on ancient iconography and Buddhist arts. He has been honoured with prestigious awards/commendations and is listed in Who’s Who in American Art and the International Biographical Dictionary, 1980. He is currently Professor Emeritus of Art, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana. He has authored the following books all published by D.K. Printworld: Buddhist Textile of Laos, Lan Na and the Isan - The Iconography of Design Elements. A Dictionary of Buddhist and Hindu Iconography. An Encyclopaedia of Buddhist Deities, Demigods, Godlings, Saints and Demons (2 vols.). An Encyclopaedia of Hindu Deities, Demigods, Godlings, Demons and Heroes (3 vols.). The Iconography of Architectural Plans - A Study of the Influence of Buddhism and Hinduism on Plans of South and South-east Asia. Islamic Tombs in India - The Iconographical and Genesis of their Design. Monuments of India and the Indianized States. The Mosques of the Indian Subcontinent - Their Development and Iconography. Mudras in Buddhist and Hindu Practices - An Iconographic Consideration. Numbers - Their Iconographic Consideration in Buddhist and Hindu Practices. Royal Palaces, Residences and Pavilions of India - An Iconographic Consideration. The Sacred Dichotomy: Thoughts and Comments on The Duality of Female and Male Iconography in South Asia and the Mediterranean. The Tibetan Iconography of Buddhas, Bodhisattvas and other Deities - A Unique Pantheon. The Yantra of Deities and their Numerological Foundations - An Iconographic Consideration.
Books of Fredrick W. Bunce
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Numbers 2002