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Crossess — Christian and Otherwise

Their Form and Meaning by: Fredrick W. Bunce

The book discusses the pre-Christian iconographic cruciform Hindu and Buddhist temple structures and in detail the Christian cross iconography and the varied types of crosses. It presents numerous forms of Latin and Greek crosses, mainly from the ecclesiastical and heraldic viewpoint, along with a few other cross forms.

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ISBN: 9788124607374
Year Of Publication: 2014
Edition: 1st
Pages : x, 220p.
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography; Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 29 cm.
Weight: 1100 gm.

Overview

In “top-of-the-mind” reading, crosses are the iconographic representation of Christianity, though cross became an embodiment of Christian iconography only after the fifth century ce. In this volume, the author unveils the existence of 500 plus crosses, of which around 300 are of ecclesiastical, heraldic or mundane crosses. Most of these cruciforms were introduced before the twentieth century.
Cruciform was antecedent of Christianity. There were numerous cruciform Hindu and Buddhist temples, even before the advent of Christianity and thus these hold no Christian ecclesiastical relevance. Of late many churches, cathedrals and basilicas applied cruciform to their structure and look in conformity with the Christian iconography. This enunciates the endless design possibilities of cruciform. The book discusses the pre-Christian iconographic cruciform Hindu and Buddhist temple structures and in detail the Christian cross iconography and the varied types of crosses. It delves deep into the numerous forms of Latin and Greek crosses, mainly from the ecclesiastical and heraldic viewpoint. Crosses adorned ecclesiastical, military, professional and trade implications, and were carved on shields and coats of arms.
This volume also addresses other categories of crosses such as solar crosses, saltire crosses and miscellaneous crosses though they too have occasional ecclesiastical and heraldic implications. The book thus gives a fair account of the emergence, use and application of cruciforms until the twentieth century.

Contents

Preface
List of Figures
Introduction
Christian Cross Iconography — Types of Crosses — Christian Cruciform Churches — Hindu and Buddhist Cruciform Temples — Coats of Arms — Shields — Ecclesiastical Implications — Crosses with Militaristic Implications — Crosses with Professional or Trade Implications — Scope
Crux Simples and Tau Crosses
Militaristic Tau Variation
Latin Crosses
Ankh and Chi Rho Variation — Pomée and Botonée Variation — Byzantine, Manx and Coptic Variations — Potent and Crosslet Variations — Moline, Recercelée, Fleurée Variations — Annuleted Variation — Rope Variation — Miscellaneous Variation — Processional Variation — Double Crosspiece Variation — Militaristic Variation — Triple Crosspiece Variation — Militaristic Variation — Fitchy Variation
Greek Crosses
Surface Variation — Crosslet/Potence Variation — Coptic Variations — Interlaced Variation — Gammadia Variation — Boton/Pommé Variation — Annuleted Variation — Pattée and Patonce Variation — Star/Flame Variation — Jerusalem Variation — Plant/Animal Variation — Anchry, Milrine, Moline, Recercelée Variations — Militaristic Greek Crosses — Fylfot/Svastika Variations — Miscellaneous Variations
Solar Crosses
Militaristic Solar Crosses
Saltire Crosses
Baptismal Variation
Miscellaneous Crosses
Coloured Crosses
Resources

Meet the Author
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1935
Fredrick W. Bunce, a PhD and a cultural historian of international eminence, is an authority on ancient iconography and Buddhist arts. He has been honoured with prestigious awards/commendations and is listed in Who’s Who in American Art and the International Biographical Dictionary, 1980. He is currently Professor Emeritus of Art, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana. He has authored the following books all published by D.K. Printworld: Buddhist Textile of Laos, Lan Na and the Isan - The Iconography of Design Elements. A Dictionary of Buddhist and Hindu Iconography. An Encyclopaedia of Buddhist Deities, Demigods, Godlings, Saints and Demons (2 vols.). An Encyclopaedia of Hindu Deities, Demigods, Godlings, Demons and Heroes (3 vols.). The Iconography of Architectural Plans - A Study of the Influence of Buddhism and Hinduism on Plans of South and South-east Asia. Islamic Tombs in India - The Iconographical and Genesis of their Design. Monuments of India and the Indianized States. The Mosques of the Indian Subcontinent - Their Development and Iconography. Mudras in Buddhist and Hindu Practices - An Iconographic Consideration. Numbers - Their Iconographic Consideration in Buddhist and Hindu Practices. Royal Palaces, Residences and Pavilions of India - An Iconographic Consideration. The Sacred Dichotomy: Thoughts and Comments on The Duality of Female and Male Iconography in South Asia and the Mediterranean. The Tibetan Iconography of Buddhas, Bodhisattvas and other Deities - A Unique Pantheon. The Yantra of Deities and their Numerological Foundations - An Iconographic Consideration.
Books of Fredrick W. Bunce
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Numbers 2002