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Governance in Ancient India

From the Rgvedic Period to c. ad 650 by: Anup Chandra Pandey

The research examines the nature, development and function of the civil service in ancient India. It explains the ancient perceptions of good and ethical governance study literary, inscriptional and numismatic evidence.

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ISBN: 9788124601358
Year Of Publication: 2000
Edition: 1st
Pages : xv, 232
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography; Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23 cm.
Weight: 500

Overview

From the Vedas to Sutra and Smriti texts, from the time honoured epics to the foreigners’ travelogues and literary classics — leave alone Kautilya’s far-famed Arthashastra and other treatises of its genre, ancient Indian literature carries myriad references, bearing out not just the principles, philosophy and mechanisms of good governance, but the existence of a well-organised, hierarchical civil service as well. Yet Dr. Pandey’s happens to be the first ever research effort to consider governance/civil service in ancient India: in all its different manifestations. Covering a vast time-span: from the Vedic times to about the seventh century ad, Anup Pandey’s research explores the evolution, nature, scope, functions, importance, and other kindered aspects of the ancient Indian civil service — with meticulous description of its varying contours during the reigns of the Mauryas, Indo-Greeks, Shakas, Pahlavas, Kushanas, Imperial Guptas, and Harshavardhana. Also, the book tries to unveil the ancient Indian polity’s perceptions/norms/modes of good, ethical governance, largely on the basis of sacred works, like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Together with inscriptional and numismatic evidence, the author has marshalled an astonishing mass of literary sources to show, beside a lot else, how an efficient civil service in ancient India was viewed as an imperative for the vitality of the state; and why, therefore, high-ranking functionaries/bureaucrats, entrusted with legislative, executive, financial and the like offices, or with policing and military duties, were often scrupulously chosen from among the polity’s best talent. Invaluable to the scholars of anceint Indian history, political science and government.

Contents

Preface
List of Abbreviations
Transliteration Chart
1. Framework Sources
2. Evolution of Civil Service During the Vedic Period
3. Civil Service in the Ramayana
Mantri — Purohita — Yuvaraja — Senapati — Dauvarika — Antahpuradhikrita — Bandhanagaradhikrita — Dhanadhyaksha — Rajajna-Vakta — Pradvivaka — Dharmasanadhikrita — Vyavaharanirneta — Senabhritidanadhyaksha — Karmanta — Vetanagrahinah — Nagaradhyaksha — Rashtrantapala — Dandadhikari — Durgapala
4. Civil Service in the Mahabharata
Durgadhyaksha — Baladhyaksha — Dharmadhyaksha — Camupati — Purodha — Vaidya — Daivajna — Nisristartha Duta — Parimitartha Duta — Shasanahara
5. Mauryan Civil Service
Tirthas
Adhyakshas
Provincial Civil Service
Village Adminstration
City Adminstration
Judiciary
6. Civil Service During the Foreign Rule of the Indo-Greeks, Shakas, Pahlavas and Kushanas
The Shunga-Satavahana Civil Service
The Indo-Greek Civil Service
Shaka-Pahlava Civil Service
Kushana Civil Service
7. Gupta Civil Service
Yuvaraja — Purohita — Queen — Akshapatalika — Sabhya — Pradvivaka — Senapati — Sandhivigrahika — Koshadhyaksha — Mahapratihara — Police Officers — Vinaya-Sthiti-Samsthapaka — Duta — Adhikaranika — Antapala — Dharmadhikari — Khadyutpakika — Spies
Provincial Governemnt
Gopta — Uparika — Bhogika — Rajasthaniya — Dandanayaka — Dandapashika — Baladhikaranika — Ranabhandagarika — Vinayasthitisthapaka — Patyuparika — Audrangika — Cauroddharanika — Sadhanika — Agraharika — Aurnasthanika — Bhogapatika — Tadayuktaka — Hiranyasamudayika — Avasathika — Devadroni Samvadda
District Administration
Village Administration
Vithi Administration
City Administration

8. Vardhana Civil Service
Yuvaraja — Princesses — Rajamahishi — Rajaputras — Samantas — Ministers — Purohita — Royal Physician — Pratihara — Mahasandhivigrahika — Senapati — Baladhikrita — Police — Duta
Territorial Divisions
9. Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

Meet the Author
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Dr. Anup Chandra Pandey, an alumnus of Punjab University, is both a scholar and bureaucrat who has ingeniously combined his scholastic pursuits with insights from his professional career to explore the comparatively uncharted terrain — the systems and modes of governance: present and long past. He has been awarded PhD degree by Magadh University, Bodh Gaya. An officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), with intensive experience in varied official positions of responsibility, Dr. Pandey has also co-authored A New History of Ancient India.
Books of Anup Chandra Pandey