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Cosmology of the Sacred World

The Vision of the Cosmos of Different Peoples of the World by: Baidyanath Saraswati , Yoloti Gonzalez Torres

It examines the beliefs of ethnic groups together with archaeological data to study the traditional cosmic world-view of Indian, Rome, Columbia and Meso-America, presenting a comparative evaluation of these cosmologies.

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ISBN: 9788186921050
Year Of Publication: 1999
Edition: 1st
Pages : x, 235
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: Decent Books
Size: 23 cm.
Weight: 500 gm.

Overview

Ancient cultures everywhere sought (among other philosophical speculations), to unravel the mystery of the Universe: its origin, its ultimate root, and what sustains and energizes it. As such, they not only tried to conceive the Universe according to their own vision, but also used varied metaphors/images to communicate the grand cosmic mystery that transcends the constraints of space and time, of logic and casuality. Exploring beyond the ‘New-Age’ trend, this volume offers some of the insightful studies of ancient cosmology and the unique human experience producing its diversified expressions across the continents. Going into the beliefs of different ethnic groups, together with the data from different archaeological horizons, the book brings out the traditional cosmic world-view of Rome, India, Colombia and, more specially, of Meso-America — a cultural area which, till the Spanish invasion in the sixteenth century, included most of the present Republic of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and parts of Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Also included here is a comparative picture of the cosmologies of India, China and Meso-America. Essentially an assemblage of erudite presentations of a symposium — held during the XVII International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences: 1995, Mexico City, the book captures a cross-section of the ongoing worldwide researches on cosmology. Which are bound to interest the scholars of anthropology, social anthropology, ethnology, religion and traditional cultures.

Contents

Preface
1. Introduction
— Yolotl Gonzalez Torres
2. Cosmology in Tajin
— Sara Ladron de Guevara
3. The Maya “Axis Mundi’’ : Diachronic Vision of a Cosmological Concept
— Henryk Karol Kocyba
4. Some Considerations on the Vertical and Horizontal Levels of the Universe
— Yolotl Gonzalez Torres
5. Lunar Iconography in Lacandon Mayan Cosmology
— Marie-Odile Marion
6. The Womb that Nourishes and Devours : Representations of the Earth in the Cosmology of the Huave of the Isthmus of Tehuantepece (mexico)
— Alessandro Lupo
7. Narratives and Pilgrimages
— Ari Rajsbaum Gorodezky
8. Paez Cosmology
— Hugo Portela : Herinaldy Gomez
9. Significance of Order in Music and Dance : A Study in Musical and Dance Cosmology of the Santal Tribe
— Onkar Prasad
10. Echoes of the Cosmic Play
— Baidyanath Saraswati
11. Cosmology, Religion, Ethics, and Philosophy in Republican Rome : Lucretius’ Blend of Cultural Constituents
— Albert Cook
List of Contributors

Meet the Author
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B.N. Saraswati obtained his PhD from Ranchi University and specializes in the anthropology of religion and Indian civilization. He is the former UNESCO Professor at the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. He was associated with the Anthropological Survey of India, Kolkata, for a decade, and another decade at the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla. During this period he did extensive field work in rural India and conducted a detailed study of Varanasi. Most recently he has been drawing out relevant themes from traditional thought and modern science to build up indigenous anthropology from within. He has authored The Sacred Science of Man, Ascetics of Kashi, and The Nature of Man and Culture: Alternate Paradigms in Anthropology, as well as many other books and publications.
Books of Baidyanath Saraswati
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Yoloti Gonzalez Torres : Born in México City. M.A. Sc. and Ph.D. in Anthropology from the National School of Anthropology, and the National University of Mexico, two years studies of Indian anthropology at the Delhi University. Director of the Center of Asian Studies, of the Ibero American University; Executive Secretary of the School of Anthropology of the Ibero American University, Curator of the Asian Section of the Museum of Cultures, of the National Institute of Anthropology (INAH), Director of the Departament of Ethnology and Social Antropology (INAH); Director of the Museum de El Carmen (INAH). Author of the books: The Astral Workship of the Stars Among the Mexica; Human Sacrifice among the Mexica; and Dictionary of Mythology and Religions in Mesoamerica. About 50 articles including “Mesoamerica, History of Study” in the Encyclopedia of Religion. ed. by Mircea Eliade at the Columbia University in 1985, and several articles in Papeles de la India, edited by the ICCR.
Books of Yoloti Gonzalez Torres