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The Liquor and the Vedic Sacrifice by: Madhavi Bhaskar Kolhatkar

The work offers an in-depth study of the sautramani Vedic sacrifice in its caraka and kaukili forms. It shows how the brahmanas compare it with a soma sacrifice, and how sautramani itself has evolved over time.

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ISBN: 9788124601143
Year Of Publication: 1999
Edition: 1st
Pages : xiv, 218
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography; Glossary; Indices
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23 cm.
Weight: 500

Overview

Associated with wrath, gambling and, at the symbolic level, with darkness and misery, sura has been strongly condemned in Vedic literature. Yet, paradoxically, it has not just found its way into a Vedic sacrifice itself: called sautramani, but has even been sanctified in the rajasuya and punarabhisheka rituals as well. However, it is sautramani’s sacrificial fire alone to take in liquor as an oblation material. Dr. Madhavi Kolhatkar here offers an indepth study of this sura-related Vedic ritual: of both its caraka and kaukili forms, together with all their attendant details. The book explores the possible origin and nature of sautramani sacrifice, addressing itself to a range of the hitherto-unanswered questions, for instance; How did sura come to have its acceptance in a shrauta ritual (like sautramani), despite its outright disapproval in the Vedic texts? Why is the sautramani performed after rajasuya? Is there any linkage between sautramani and punarabhisheka — which both happen to involve the sura-ritual? How is, then, sautramani related to the agnicayana? And, what is the underlying importance of the myths that tell about the primeval performance of the sautramani? In spelling out the social, medicinal and ritualistic significance of sautramani, the author also shows how the Brahmanas often compare it with a soma sacrifice, and how sautramani itself has evolved over the time. In the context of this Vedic ritual, she also highlights the hierarchic contentions between the brahmanas and the kshatriyas in the ancient Indian society. It is a piece of valuable research for Indologists, especially the scholars of Sanskrit, Vedic studies and ancient Indian history and culture.

Contents

Foreward
Acknowledgements
List of Abbreviations
Introduction
Part I
1. The Place of the Sautramani in Vedic Ritual
2. Rajasuya and Sautramani
3. The Punarabhisheka and the Sautramani
4. Sautramani as a Medicinal Rite
5. Relation Between the Agnicayana and the Sautramani
6. Primordial Myths in Connection with the Sautramani
Part II
7. The Ritual of the Caraka Sautramani
The Preparatory Rites to be Performed Three Days Before the Actual Performance of the Sacrifice
The Preparatory Rites to be Performed on the Day of the Offerings
The Offering of Animals
Filling the Cups with Sura for the Deities
The Preparation of the Cakes
The Offering of Sura
The Disposal of the Remaining Sura
The Trickling of the Sura on the Southern Fire
The Remaining Animal-Sacrifice and the Offerings of Cakes
The Avabhritha Bath
8. Preparation of Sura
In the Caraka
The Procedure in Connection with the Kaukili
9. The Ritual of the Kaukili Sautramani
The Rites to be Performed Three Days Before the Actual Performance of the Sacrifice
The Preparation of the Altar
Placing the Necessary Paraphernalia
The Purification of Milk and Sura
Drawing the Cups
The Purification of the Sacrificer
The Offering of the Omenta of the Three Animals
The Offerings of Milk and Sura
Trickling of Sura on the Southern Fire
The Offerings of the Animals’s Organs and of the Cakes
The Avabhritha Ceremony
The Ritual After the Avabhritha
10. The Abhisheka of the Sacrificer
The Ritual Sequence of the Abhisheka in the Kaukili
Placing the Stool
The Sacrificer Sits Upon that Stool
The Offerings of the Fat
The Abhisheka
The Rite of Lifting the Sacrificer
The Sacrificer Gets Down from the Stool
` The Singing of the Saman
11. The Difference Between the Caraka Sautramani and the Kaukili Sautramani
Conclusion
Bibliography
Glossary
Sanskrit Index
General Index

Meet the Author
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1950
Madhavi Bhaskar Kolhatkar is Pune University’s Ph.D (Sanskrit); knows German, Russian, Tibetan and Japanese; and has been at Nagoya University, Japan for her post-doctoral research in 1986 on a Japanese government scholarship. In 1987, she visited Nepal to participate in Gurumandalapuja - a project undertaken by the Department of Indian Philosophy, Nagoya University, Japan. Started her career in 1973 as a Research Assistant in Sanskrit Dictionary Department, Deccan College, Pune. A Research Associate, 1985 onwards, Dr. Kolhatkar has published over thirty articles on a variety of themes bearing notably on Vedic ritual, religion, Japanology and Sanskrit literature, and has co-authored Pavitreshti: An Indian Fire Ritual.
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Sura 1999