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Gandhian Vision of Rural Development

Its Relevance in Present Time by: Ashaben Lallubhai Patel

Contemporary relevance of Gandhian economic thought, focussing on Rural Industrialization, and its suitability as a panacea for extant economic problems by critically analyzing various Gandhian approaches along with his vision of “Gram swarajya” forms the central theme of this work.

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ISBN: 9788186921326
Year Of Publication: 2005
Edition: 1st
Pages : xvi, 240
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography; Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: Decent Books
Size: 23 cm.
Weight: 550

Overview

The contemporary relevance of Gandhian economic thought with special focus on the rural industrialization forms the central theme of this book. Policies related to planned economy after Independence have not brought the desired changes. Uncontrolled, unplanned and un-regulated industrialization and urbanization have led to many disastrous consequences. In view of this, the book explores the suitability of Gandhian model as a possible remedy for the various economic problems in developing societies. Thus, various Gandhian approaches have been critically analysed with regard to rural and farm development, utilization of human labour and their skill, development with equity, decentralized development, his vision of Gram Swarajya etc. The book also brings out the various facets of the different voluntary organizations working in this area and their constructive contribution. The book, undoubtedly, is a meaningful contribution to the study of Gandhian economic thought. This will be very useful to the students at under-graduate and post-graduate level. This would also serve as a reference book for researchers, Gandhian and Sarvodaya institutions. This will be quite helpful to decision makers in framing and implementing agricultural, industrial and environmental policy.

Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements
1. Gandhian Vision of Rural Development
Defining Problem
Gandhian?Economic?Approach
Rural Development
Eradication of Poverty
Growth with Equity
Independent and Self-sustained Rural System
Limited Needs
Economic Equality
Growth by Swadeshi
Not against Machines
Against Nationalization
Simplicity and Self-control
Population Control by Discipline
Focus on Human Development
Gandhian?Thought?on?Rural?Industries
Eradicating Poverty and Unemployment
Rural Development
Creative and Growth-oriented Approach
Productive Use of Labour
Nurturing Rural Soul
Urban-rural Inequality
Health
Importance in Indian Context
System for Growth
Concept of Growth of Rural Industrialization
Meaning
Importance
Efforts For Growth
Solution of Problems
Glorious Past
Khadi Gramodyog Commission
Employment-Oriented
Relevance?of?Gandhian?Thought?on Rural Industrialization
Meaning
Need to Achieve Gandhian Objectives
Ignoring Key Sectors
Decentralization
Implications of Economic Reforms
Tearless Growth
Review of Literature
Objectives?of?Research?Study
Hypothesis
Research?Methodology
Relevance?of?Study
Ensuring Basic Needs
Indian Economic System
New Direction to Economic Reforms
Second Generation Economic Reforms
Highly Relevant
Ideal Model for Balanced Growth
Conclusion
2. Rural Industrialization: Introductory Analysis
Definition
Importance?of?Rural?Industries
Eradication of Poverty and Unemployment
Important Sources of Ancillary Employment
Improving Standard of Living of Villagers
Women’s Upliftment
Productive Use of Labour
Reducing Import Burden
Tapping Local Skill
Administratively Sound
Gestation Period
Controlling Inflation
Economic Equality
Industrial Decentralization
Productive Use of Unexploited Resources
Capital Formation
Helpful to Industries and Agriculture
Overall Growth of Villages
Overall Industrial Growth
Export-oriented Growth
Productive Use of Family
Pure and Hygienic Products
Introductory?Analysis
Training and Education of Business at Doorstep
Simple Infrastructure
Supply-push Inflation
Gram-Swaraj
Need?for?Rural?Industrialization?in?India
Creation of Mass Employment
Economic Transformation
Problems of Urbanization
True Benefits
Developing Agro-industries
Five-Year?Planning?and?Rural?Industrialization
First Plan
Second Plan
Third Plan
Fourth Plan
Fifth Plan
Sixth Plan
Seventh and Eighth Plan
Recent Plan
Policy?for?Khadi?Gramodyog
History?of?Gramodyog?in?India
Growth in Ancient Time
Medieval Period
Golden Period for Growth of Variety of Industries
Glorious Growth before Colonial Rule
Downfall of Rural Industries
Present Situation of Khadi Gramodyog
Rural?Industrialization?in?India
Forms?of?Khadi?Gramodyog?in?India
Plans?and?Programmes?for?Growth?of Rural Industries
Industrial Project
Programmes for Rural Workers
Food and Agro Processing Credit
Training?to?Villagers for Self-Employment
Efforts for Rural Industrialization by Saurashtra Rachanatmak Samiti
Conclusion
3. Gandhian Economic Thought
Introduction
Gandhian thinking based on Truth and Non-violence
Sources of Gandhian Philosophy
Gandhian Philosophy is Based on Three Pillars
Rural Growth
Advocating Decentralized Economic System
Development of Cottage and Rural Industries
Poverty Eradication by Economic Decentralization
Rural Growth by Decentralization
Scholars Favouring Gandhian Concept of Decentralization
Protest against Machines
Assistance to Human Force
Economic Independence by Rural Growth
Growth of Rural Industries
Equity and a Just Distribution
Population Control by Self-Discipline
Comparison between Karl Marx and Gandhi
Trusteeship
Values and Ethics in Gandhian Economic Thought
New Gandhian Approach of J.C. Kumarappa
J.C. Kumarappa’s Thought on Gandhian Rural Growth
Economic System Based on Rural Growth
Present Relevance of J.C. Kumarappa’s
Thought on Rural Growth
New Gandhian Economic Approach
Problems in Adopting Gandhian Economic Thought
Conclusion
4. Gandhian Thinking on Gram Swaraj
Introduction
What is Gandhism?
From Independence to Total Independence
Defining Rural Independence
Central Place of Villages
Rural Independence
Decentralized System for Rural Independence
Gandhian Dream for Rural Growth
Economic Revolution in Rural Area and Gandhian Philosophy
Gram Swaraj by Developing Rural Industries
Gram Swaraj by Developing Labour-Oriented
Sectors of Economy
Conclusion
5. Gandhi’s Thought on Rural Industries
Introduction
What is the Importance of Gramodhyog?
Satisfying Rural Need
Creative and Growth-oriented Approach
Harmful Use of Machinery
Nurturing Soul of Village
Rural-urban Equality
Reasons for Downfall of Rural Industries
Human Behaviour
Addition of Lower Nutritious Products
Pollution in Place of Cleanliness
Need for Awareness
Use of Traditional Techniques
Hygiene and Diseases
Wrong Belief
Foreign Rule and Exploitation
Destruction Due to Machinery
Productive Use of Rural Skill by Reducing Danger of Mechanization
Abundance of Labour
Harmful Effects of Big Mills
Rehabilitation of Rural Industries
Destruction Due to Mechanization
Developing Human Skill by Rural Industries
Co-operative Management
Supply According to Demand
Economic Attack of Foreigners
Problem of Over-production
Restructuring Rural Industries
To Save from Destructive Impacts
Overall Destruction Due to Downfall of Rural Industries
Developing Rural and Swadeshi Sector
To Regain National Honour
Generating Wider Employment Opportunity
Strategies and Problems in Developing
Rural Industries
How to Develop Rural Industries?
Useful Education
How to Start?
Using Products of Rural Industries Instead of Factories
Change in Consumption Habit
Role of State
How this Becomes Possible?
Production Planning
Important Rural Industries
Ratio and Khadi Work
Leather Industry
Dairy Farm
Jaggery and Sugar
Fertilizer
Hand-made Paper
Oil Mill
Apiculture
Hand Pound Rice
Grinding Mill
Exhibition and Publicity for Rural Industries
Achieving “Gram-Swaraj” by Developing Rural Industries
Conclusion
6. Relevancy of Gandhian Vision in Contemporary Times
Introduction
Anti-Gandhian Economic Approach and its Fall-Out
Only “Swadeshi” Movement is Capable to Make India Superpower
Present Relevance of Rural Industries and Gandhian Thinking
Gandhian Thinking on Rural Growth
Voluntary Gandhian Institutes and Rural Growth
Rural Growth by Gandhian Voluntary Organizations
Shri Saurashtra Gramoddhar Trust
Agriculture and Cattle-breeding
Power Centre
Relevance of Gandhian Thought on Rural Growth
Present Relevance of Gandhian Thinking on Rural Industrialization
Meaning
Exploitation
Khadi Gramodyog Commission — Working on The Pattern of Gandhian Philosophy
Opinion of Vice-chairman of Planning Commission in the National Conference on Rural Industrialization
Need of Integrated Rural Industrialization Policy for Global Implementation of Gandhian Thought
Need of Institutional Participation
Zimbabwe
Ghana
Philippines
Vietnam
Strategies for Rural Industrialization
Encouragements
Infrastructural Facilities — Land Regulations — Developing Small Cities — Electricity — Development of Ports — Developing Roads and Highway — Training — Environmental Protection — Mineral-Based Industries — Agro-Based Industries
Relevance of Gandhian Economic Thought in Present World
Hurdles in Implementing Gandhian Philosophy on Rural Industrialization
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

Meet the Author
avatar-author
1959
Dr. Ashaben I. Patel, a senior Lecturer, teaches economics in Smt. Meenaben Kaundaliya Arts and Commerce Mahila College, Rajkot. She has authored a number of books and also contributed various articles to different academic journals. Her papers have been accepted for regional and national level conferences and seminars. She has undertaken and completed ten research projects independently and is also associated with Centre for Economic, Rural and Gandhian Studies, Rajkot as Managing Trustee.
Books of Ashaben Lallubhai Patel