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Evolution of Indian Philosophy

by: K. Satchidananda Murty

This book focuses on the evolution of philosophy in India with reference to socio-political and economic conditions, through which one can learn that life and thought are invariably interconnected with polity and persons, economy and environment. This book is unique in the sense that it contains a review in the conclusion; and the philosophical heritage has been evaluated in its introduction

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Details

Year Of Publication: 2007
Edition: 1st
Pages : xiv, 266
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23 cm.
Weight: 500

Overview

In the pattern of Bertrand Russell’s History of Western Philosophy, this book focuses on the evolution of philosophy in India with reference to socio-political and economic conditions, through which one can learn that life and thought are invariably interconnected with polity and persons, economy and environment. The first chapter demonstrates the socio-political, geographical and racial causes for the formation of human thinking, followed by a chapter on what philosophy is and the nature of Indian philosophy. The Vedas and Upanishads, the Bhagavad-Gita, and about five schools of Vedanta, including Kashmir Shaivism were discussed at length in three different chapters. Another three chapters deal with Carvakas, Jainism and Buddhism; and one on Samkhya and Vaisheshika. This book is unique in the sense that it contains a review in the conclusion; and M.N. Roy has evaluated the philosophical heritage in its introduction. M.N. Roy has remarked that the “chapters are of great importance methodologically, and as such constitute the more valuable part of a commendable work of scholarship.” It is useful as a reference book for students and scholars as well as general readers interested in understanding the evolution of ancient Indian thought, and broadens the horizons of their knowledge of Indian philosophy.

Contents

Foreword
Preface
Preface to the Second Edition
Key to Transliteration
Introduction
1. Being and Thinking
Sociology of Knowledge and its Effects
Developments in Psychology and their bearing
The Nature of Thought
Effects of Geographical Environment on Thought
2. Origins of Philosophy
Emergence of Philosophy
Fusion of Races: Formation of Indian Mind
What is Philosophy?
General Features of Indian Philosophy
3. The Vedas and Upanishads
Philosophy in the Vedas
From the Hymns to the Upanishads
4. The Bhagavad-Gita
The Bhagavatas
Monotheism
5. The Carvakas
Indian Materialism
The Lokayatas
6. Jainism
Historical Background
Brief Sketch of Jainism
7. Buddhism
Life and Message of the Buddha
Progress of Buddhism
Philosophical Developments in Buddhism
8. Samkhya and Vaisheshika
Development of Samkhya
Origins of Vaisheshika
9. Schools of Vedanta
Kashmira-Shaivism
Shaivism in South India
Shankara: Advaita Vedanta
Ramanuja: Vishishtadvaita Vedanta
Madhva: Dvaita Vedanta
Later Cults and Future
Conclusion
Index

Meet the Author
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1924
Professor K. Satchidananda Murty has taught philosophy at Andhra University for a quarter century. He was the Vice-Chancellor of S.V. University (1975-78), Vice-Chairman of the UGC (1986-89), and the Chairman of Indian Philosophical Congress (1980-94). He was honoured with Padma Bhushan in 1984 and Padma Vibhushan in 2001. Professor Satchidananda Murty is the most thought-provoking philos opher of our times, whose books on Indian philosophy, culture, religion - particularly Vedanta - contain an instructive and penetrating analysis. Four Indian universities, including the Benaras Sanskrit University have conferred on him the Hon. D. Lit., apart from Wittenberg University in Germany, Sofia University of Bulgaria, Russian Academy of Sciences, and People's University of China.
Books of K. Satchidananda Murty