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Cultural Dimension of Education

by: Baidyanath Saraswati

Here are essays on education, its current status, trends and problems in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia and Thailand focus on art in the age of science, education’s role in promoting peace and the Gandhian system of ‘basic education’.


Category: ,

ISBN: 9788124601013
Year Of Publication: 1998
Edition: 1st
Pages : xxii, 258
Bibliographic Details : 2 Maps; 1 B/w photo; 39 Colour illustrations
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Foreword By : Kapila Vatsyayan
Size: 25 cm.
Weight: 950 gm.


Traditional education strives to expand the spheres of existence through social awareness (forming kinship with the entire world), cosmological awareness (expansion of the being by self-transformation), and technological awareness (relating creativity to the ritual enforcement of life). In contrast, modern education teaches a way of life, which is limited by self-centred consumerism, which allows man’s ego to establish itself as the conqueror of nature, which fragments people through competitive vocations and specialized technical professions. How do we resolve this deep dilemma between the traditional and modern systems of education? Or, alternatively, how can a sensibly worked-out system of education afford a symbiosis between ‘modernity’ and ‘wisdom-tradition’? Addressing this vital question, the authors here look afresh at the relevance of art in the age of science/technocentrism, the role of education in promoting peace and concord, Gandhian system of ‘basic education’ and, finally, how far India’s national concerns are reflected in its national policy on education. An assemblage of 16 education-related essays, this volume is essentially the outcome of a Conference on the “Cultural Dimension of Education and Ecology”, held in New Delhi on 13-16 October 1995 — as a part of the Unesco Chair activities (in the field of cultural development) at the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. It presents insightful perspectives on primary education, focussing specially on its current status, trends and problems in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia and Thailand. The volume will interest all those involved with education: whether as scholars, professionals, planners, or as reformers.


— Kapila Vatsyayan
— Chitra Naik
— Baidyanath Saraswati
1. Gandhian Experiment in Primary Education : The Story of Taman Kanak-kanak ‘Gandhi’
— Gedong Bagoes Oka
2. Poverty and Education : The Samanwaya Ashram
— Dwarko Sundrani
3. Rural Context of Primary Education : Searching for the Roots
— Shakuntala Bapat
— Suman Karandikar
4. The Bose Fundation School
— Baidyanath Saraswati
— Shivashankar Dube
— Ram Lakhan Maurya
5. Ghadatar : An Enquiry into the Invisible Order
–Haku Shah
6. My Experiements with Education
— D. Patnaik
7. Art as a Tool for Cultural Rejuvenation
— Dinanath Pathy
8. Photography in Education
— Ravi Chopra
9. Education for Value-Creation and Leadership : A Case Study of the Rangaprabhat Centre
— N. Radhakrishnan
10. Education Through Art
— Nita Mathur
11. Buddhism and Education : The Thai Experience
— Pataraporn Sirikanchana
12. Education For Life and Through Life : Gandhi’s Nayee Talim
— Devi Prasad
13. Development of Skills and Attitudes in Basic Education
— Parthasarathi Banerjee
14. Indian Strategies to Achieve Universalisation of Elementary Education
— K. Gopalan
15. The School System in India : A critique
— Neeru Nanda
16. Innovations in Primary Education in Bangladesh
— A.M. Sharafuddin
List of Contributors

Meet the Author
B.N. Saraswati obtained his PhD from Ranchi University and specializes in the anthropology of religion and Indian civilization. He is the former UNESCO Professor at the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. He was associated with the Anthropological Survey of India, Kolkata, for a decade, and another decade at the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla. During this period he did extensive field work in rural India and conducted a detailed study of Varanasi. Most recently he has been drawing out relevant themes from traditional thought and modern science to build up indigenous anthropology from within. He has authored The Sacred Science of Man, Ascetics of Kashi, and The Nature of Man and Culture: Alternate Paradigms in Anthropology, as well as many other books and publications.