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Vedic Grammar for Students

by: Arthur A. Macdonell

This book, typed afresh, presents a phonetic survey of Vedic sounds, offering explanatory accounts of Vedic sandhi-system, declension, conjugation, indeclinable words, nominal stem formation and syntax. It is the first ever most authentic, linguistic material of the Rgveda.

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Year Of Publication: 2010
Edition: 3rd
Pages : xiv, 513
Bibliographic Details : Appendices; Indices
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 19 cm.
Weight: 600

Overview

Here is a key to unlock the oldest treasury of mankind’s wisdom: Vedic literature — not just the metrical language of its hymns, but also the prose pieces of the Brahmanas/Brah-mana-like writings: whether from the Atharva or the Yujurveda. Setting forth a comprehensive phonetic survey of Vedic sounds, the author: an eminent Orientalist of yester years, offers lucid explanatory accounts of Vedic sandhi-system (euphonic combination), declension, conjugation, indeclinable words, nominal stem formation and, finally, of its syntax — with numerous illustrations. At the base of Macdonell’s Grammar is the first ever, yet the most authentic, linguistic material of the Rigveda — supplemented, though, it is from other Samhitas as well. Also marked here are the grammatical forms of the Brahmanas where they differ from those of the later-day classical Sanskrit. Now ‘reprinted’ afresh in an innovative format, this book has sustained its decades-long worldwide importance as an undisputed, systematically organised aid to the study of Vedic literature. And, for sure, retains its indispensablity to scholars even today!

Contents

Preface
List of Abbreviations
1. Phonetic Introduction
Relation of Vedic to Sanskrit
Oral Tradition and Writing
Sounds of the Vedic Language
The Vowels
Vowel Gradation
The Consonants
Ancient Pronunciation
2. Rules of Sandhi or Euphonic Combination of Sounds
External Sandhi: Combination of Vowels and of Consonants
Internal Sandhi: Combination of Vowels and of Consonants
3. Declension
Nouns: Consonant Stems
Unchangeable
Changeable: With Two Stems; with Three Stems
Vowel Stems
Degrees of Comparison
Numerals: Cardinals; Ordinals; Numeral Derivatives
Pronouns: Personal
Demonstrative
Interrogative
Relative
Reflexive
Possessive
Compound
Derivative
Indefinite
Pronominal Adjectives
4. Conjugation
Introductory
The Present System
First Conjugation
Second Conjugation
The Augment
Reduplication
Terminations
Paradigms
Irregularities
The Perfect
The Pluperfect
The Aorist: First Aorist; Second Aorist
Benedictive
The Future: Simple; Periphrastic
Conditional
The Passive
Participles
Gerund
Infinitive
Derivative Verbs: Causative
Desiderative
Intensive
Denominative
5. Indeclinable Words
Prepositions
Adverbial Case-Forms
Adverbs Formed with Suffixes
Conjunctive and Adverbial Particles
Interjections
6. Nominal Stem Formation and Compounds
Primary Suffixes
Secondary Suffixes
Gender
Verbal Compounds
Nominal Compounds: Co-ordinatives
Determinatives: Dependents and Descriptive
Possessives
Governing Compounds
Syntactical Compounds
Iterative Compounds
7. Outline of Syntax
Introductory
Order of Words
Number
Concord
Pronouns
Use of the Cases
Locative and Genitive Absolute
Participles
Gerund
Infinitive
Use of the Tenses
Use of the Moods: Imperative
Injunctive
Subjunctive
Optative
Precative
Conditional
Appendix I: List of Verbs
Appendix II: Vedic Metre
Appendix III: The Vedic Accent
Vedic Index
General Index

Meet the Author
Books of Arthur A. Macdonell