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    Sree Narayana Guru...

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Sree Narayana Guru

A Critical Study by: Vijayalayam Jayakumar

The book reconstructs the life of the legendary saint-reformer, Sree Narayana Guru and the entire scenario of his activity covering a century of Kerala’s history. It focuses on his life, historical background, socio-cultural milieu, spirituality, etc.



ISBN: Array
Year Of Publication: 2017
Edition: 2nd
Pages : xli, 430
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography
Language : English
Binding : Paperback
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 22 cm.
Weight: 800


It is a holistic, at once compelling account of a saint-reformer of modern Kerala: Sree Narayana Guru (1856-1928). Veritably a versatile genius: a sage, philosopher, poet and social revolutionary, all rolled into one, Gurudeva was a perfect, though largely inscrutable, human being who, like Svami Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, created new tracts of his own in the realms of Indian philosophy. And invested temporal life, in any form, with an air of spirituality about him — as is reflected, for instance, in his crusades against caste discriminations in Kerala or in his larger concerns with peace, universal brother-hood and co-existence. Dr. Jayakumar’s profile of this great guru focusses on his life, historical background, socio-cultural milieu, spirituality, philosophy, poetic genius, social reforms, humour, legacy and all else that one would possibly want to know about Sree Narayana Guru. Markedly different from the sofar-published studies on him, this book becomes the first ever to incorporate the English versions of Narayana Guru’s verses: in both Malayalam and Sanskrit, together with their streamlined annota-tions and lucidly-written, insightful discussions. Which, in turn, also bring out Jayakumar’s remarkable critical acumen in highlighting the essential meaning, philosophical import and spiritual intensity of Gurudeva’s poetry. A work of epical grandeur, developed from years of the author’s serious, persevered research, the book reconstructs not just the life-story of a legendary saint, but also the entire scenario of his activity covering over a century of Kerala’s social, spiritual and literary history.


Translator’s Note
Transliteration Chart
1. Kerala — Before the Advent of Sree Narayana Guru and After
Sree Narayana Guru — The Epoch-Maker of Kerala
Kerala After the Advent of Sree Narayana Guru, Social Reforms
2. The Inner Currents of Spirituality : Hymns to Gods
Current of Spirituality
Daivadashakam — Vinayakashtakam — Arivu (Knowledge) — Anukampadashakam (Scriptures of Mercy) — Jivakarunyapancakam (Kindness to Life) — Ahimsa (Non-Violence) — Bharya Dharmam (Wifely Virtues) — Sadacaram (Good Customs) — Dhathapaharam (Plunder) — Jati Nirnayam (A Critique of Caste) — Jati Lakshanam (Caste Mark) — Criticism of the Poems
Hymns to Goddess (Devi)
Jananinavaratnamanjari — Devistavam — Mannanthala Devistavam (Hymn Dedicated to the Devi of Mannanthala Temple) — Bhadrakalyashtakam — Kalinatakam (A Hymn to be Recited at the Dance Drama Dedicated to Goddess Kali)
Hymns to Lord Vishnu
Shri Krishna Darshanam — Vasudevashtakam — Vishnavashtakam
Hymns to Lord Subrahmanya
Guhashtakam — Shanmukhastotram — Shanmukhadashakam — Subrahmanyakirtanam — Navamanjari — Bahuleyashtakam — Shanmaturastavam
Hymns to Lord Shiva
Indriyavairagyam — Shivaprasadapancakam — Ardhanarishvarastavam — Cidambarashtakam — Shivastavam — Sadashivadarshanam — Chijjadachinthanam (Thought and Inertia) — Kundalinipattu (The Song of the Kundalini Snake) — Vilasadarshanam (Vision of Virtuousness) — Shivashatakam
3. Poems Spilling Spiritual Vision — Advaita Dipika and Atmopadesha Shatakam
Advaita Dipika (The Lamp of Non-Duality)
Atmopadesha Shatakam (Spiritual Knowledge)
4. Sanskrit Poems
Elegical Stanzas
Darshana-Mala (Garland of Visions)
Adhyaropadarshanam (Vision by Supposition) — Apavadadarshanam (Vision of Non-Supposition) — Asatyadarshanam (Vision of Non-Existence) — Mayadarshanam (Vision of Negation) — Bhanadarshanam (Vision of Consciousness) — Karmadarshanam (Vision of Action) — Jnanadarshanam (Vision by Awareness or Reason) — Bhaktidarshanam (Vision by Contemplation) — Yogadarshanam (Vision by Meditation) — Nirvanadarshanam (Vision by Absorption)

5. Translations
Bhagaval Swarup Stuthi (In Praise of the Lord’s Real Image) — Varsha Varnanam (In Praise of the Rain) — Samnyasa Mahatmyam (The Glory of Samnyasa)
6. The Sree Narayana Gospel and Guru’s View of Life
Thoughts On Caste
One Religion
One God
Dharmam (Righteousness)
Satyam (Truth)
Asteyam (Non-Stealing)
Vyabhicara (Adultery)
Avoidance of Alcoholic Liquor
Shuddhi Pancakam (The Five Purities)
Guru’s View of Life
7. The Influence of Sree Narayana Literature on the Malayalam Language
8. Gurus, Compatriots and Disciples
The Great Gurus of Sree Narayana Guru
Kummam Pallil Raman Pillai Asan — Thycaud Ayya Swamikal
Sree Chattambi Swamikal and Doctor Palpu — Vidyadhirraja Kunjan Pillai Sree Chattambi Swamikal (1854-1919) — Doctor P. Palpu (1861-1950)
Guru’s Householder Disciples
Paravoor Kesavan Asan (1859-1916) — Maruthoorkaniyil Kunjikkannan (1861-1944) — Mithavadi Krishnan (1867-1938) — C.V. Kunjiraman (1870-1949) — Mahakavi Kumaran Asan (1873-1924) — Moorkoth Kumaran (1874-1941) — M. Govindan (1874-1956) — N. Kumaran (1881-1964) — T.K. Madhavan (1885-1930) — K. Ayyappan (1889-1968) — C. Kesavan (1891-1969) — K. Sukumaran (1901-81) — R. Sankar (1909-72)
Two Revolutionaries Who Upheld Shree Narayana Messages

9. Installation of Idols (Pratishthas) and Guru’s Concept of Temples
The Historical Background
Aruvippuram Shiva Prathishtha
Chembazhanthi Gurukulam and Manakkal Temple
Shivagiri and Sharada Matom
Aluva Advaitashramam
Talasserry Jagannatha Temple
Kulathur Kolathukara Temple
Kunnumpara Subrahmanya Temple
Mannanthala Devi Temple
Sree Narayana Mangalam, Karttikeya Temple
The Ayiramthengu Temple Pratishtha
Kottar Ganapati Temple
Peringottukara Somashekhara Temple
Kozhikode Shrikantheshvara Temple
The Sundreshvara Temple at Kannur
The Karamukku Temple
The Pratishtha at Murukkumpuzha
The Mirror Pratishtha at Kalavancodam, Shertallai
10. Guru’s Humour and Sarcasm
The Meaninglessness of Caste
The Theft of the Temple’s Offering Box
Cari and Brahmacari
If You Can Take Milk Why not Take Meat?
The Golden Lance of Sharada Matom
Where is God?
The Naming Ceremony
Guru had no Caste
Swamy and Ayyankali
Mango During Out of Season
One Gold Ring and a Leper
The Fowl Sacrifice at Mayyazhi
The Bhumi (The Earth) is on Ananthan’s Head
The Thief and Jack Fruit
Judge Raman Thampi and Swamy
Guru Puja at Shivagiri
That is not Correct or True. We Can Never Say That.
The Devil Possessed Dancer
The Grief on Death and the Dead Body
In the Last Trial
Man will Once Become God
11. The Shivagiri Pilgrimages : Their Message
12. The Global Impact : Nataraja Guru and Guru Nitya Chaitanya Yati
Nataraja Guru and the English Translation of Gurudeva’s Works
Guru’s Global Reputation and Guru Nitya Chaitanya Yati
The Nataraja Gurukulas Reflecting Gurudeva’s Spirit
The Transfusion of Sree Narayana’s Messages and the Media
13. Guru in Smritis
14. The Organisations
Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP Yogam) and Sree Narayana Guru
The Sree Narayana Trust and Sree Narayana Colleges
The Five Stalwarts Who Piloted the Yogam after its Golden Jubilee
V.K.Velayudhan — C.R. Kesavan Vaidyer — K.R. Narayanan — P.S. Velayudhan — K.K. Viswanathan
15. Sree Narayana Dharma Sangham and Gurudeva Vision
Gurudeva’s Will
16. Memorials
The Samadhi Mandiram of Sree Narayana Guru and M.P. Moothedath
Sree Narayana Shashtyabdapoorthi Memorial
Landmarks in the L0ife of Sree Narayana Guru

Meet the Author
A scholar, researcher and litterateur of wide repute, Vijayalayam Jayakumar (born: 1924) was awarded a Ph.D for his well-received dissertation on the autobiographical genre of Malayalam literature. And has had fairly long association with the Malayalam Lexican Department of Kerala University, and later with Oriental Research Institute at the Kariavattom Campus. Currently, he is Director, SNR (Sree Narayanaguru Research) Centre, Peroorkada, Thiruvananthapuram. Dr. Jayakumar’s creative writing: in both prose and verse, has appeared in about forty books, including the two fictional works that are conceived on an epical scale. One of these novels, namely, Kunti-Atmadugham Ente Sugham has already been translated into English, under the title: Delight in Distress.
Books of Vijayalayam Jayakumar