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Visistadvaita’s Critique of the Advaita Hermenqutics

With Special Reference to Vedārthasaṁgraha by: Himani Vasudev

Vedānta is the very heart of Indian philosophy. The various schools of Vedānta have been explored under diverse categories including ontological and epistemological, but they are a storehouse of so much more. “Hermeneutics” in simple words can be the theory of interpretation and this book has studied the critique of the Advaita hermeneutics by Rāmānujācārya based on Vedic statements like tat tvam asi, tadaikāta bahu syāma, neha nānāsti kiñcana and many others in his book Vedārthasaṁgraha which mirrors a complete vision of the Upaniṣads. Rāmānujācārya has shown how the Śruti statements can be seen in a coherent manner resolving the conflicts of bheda and abheda. The nature of a word and its various śaktis, followed by how successful are words in describing the concepts of sat, cit and ānanda, are also discussed here.
This book is an initial effort in the hermeneutic studies of Indian texts, which have been kept limited to the scope of philosophy, theology or religion alone. Many more linguistic treasures can be found here.

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ISBN: 9788194622116
Year Of Publication: 2020
Edition: 1st
Pages : xvii, 140
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: Shakti Publications
Size: 23
Weight: 376

Overview

Vedānta is the very heart of Indian philosophy. The various schools of Vedānta have been explored under diverse categories including ontological and epistemological, but they are a storehouse of so much more. “Hermeneutics” in simple words can be the theory of interpretation and this book has studied the critique of the Advaita hermeneutics by Rāmānujācārya based on Vedic statements like tat tvam asi, tadaikāta bahu syāma, neha nānāsti kiñcana and many others in his book Vedārthasaṁgraha which mirrors a complete vision of the Upaniṣads. Rāmānujācārya has shown how the Śruti statements can be seen in a coherent manner resolving the conflicts of bheda and abheda. The nature of a word and its various śaktis, followed by how successful are words in describing the concepts of sat, cit and ānanda, are also discussed here.
This book is an initial effort in the hermeneutic studies of Indian texts, which have been kept limited to the scope of philosophy, theology or religion alone. Many more linguistic treasures can be found here.

Contents

“Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition

1. Historical Survey of Advaita and Viśiṣṭādvaita

A Brief History of the Advaita and Viśiṣṭādvaita
The Āḷvārs
The Lineage that Followed
A Brief Ontology and Epistemology of Both
the Systems
The Means of Knowledge
The Names Defined and the Debate
The Debate

2. Incoherence with the Scriptures (श्रुत्यसाङ्गत्यम्)

Vedic Exegesis Indicating the Attributive Nature
of Brahman
The Various Types of Śrutis
“Tat Tvam Asi” and Other Statements Stating
‘Brahman Is Saguṇa’
The Importance of Context
The Concept of Sāmānādhikaraṇya
(Coordinate Predication)
Śodhaka Statements also Prove Brahman to
Be Attributive
Śrautaguṇaniṣedha
Ārthaguṇaniṣedha
“Tat Tvam Asi” Explained
Use of Sāmānādhikaraṇya (Coordinate Predication) in Explaining “Tat Tvam Asi”
The “Context” in Sadvidyā Defined and This
the View of the Advaitin’s Critiqued
Verbal Testimony as an Invalid Means of
Stating “Attributeless Brahman”
Refutation of the View that “Brahman Is Svataḥ Siddha (Self-Illuminating)”
Indeterminate Perception
Nature of Brahman, Avidyā and Liberation
All Words Denote Brahman and the Jīva-
Brahman Relation in “Tat Tvam Asi”
Clarifying and Negating (Niṣedha) Texts also
Denote a Brahman with Attributes
Vedic Exegesis Indicating Brahman to Be the
Cause of Everything
Ādeśa (The Instruction)
Brahman Is both the Efficient and Material
Cause
Brahman as the Antaryāmī
Rāmānujācārya Rejects the Theory of
Asatkāryavāda

3 Contradiction with the Evidence of Reason
(याैक्तिकविराेधः)

The Concept of “Avidyā”and Its Criticism
Tirodhānānupapatti (Obstruction)
Critique of Śaṅkara’s Concept of Avidyā
Concept of Ekajīvavāda
Untenability of Avidyā
Anirvacanīyatvānupapatti, Nivr̥ttyanupapatti,
Nivartakānupapatti
Jñātranupapatti/Āśrayānupapatti
Sāmagrī-Anupapatti/Pramāṇānupapatti

4. Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

Meet the Author
Books of Himani Vasudev