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Paninian Tradition of Grammar and Linguistics

by: Rama Nath Sharma

This book presents an overview of Paninian Tradition of Grammar and Linguistics, with its history presented in view of Text and Trends, where structure and content of the Ashtadhyayi are presented with focus on rule formulation, interpretation, and interaction.



ISBN: 9788124608753
Year Of Publication: 2017
Edition: 1st Edition
Pages : xii + 274 p.
Bibliographic Details : Bibliography; Sutra Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23
Weight: 550


The Sanskrit Tradition of Grammar and Linguistics, along with its history, is presented in view of texts and trends, where structure and content of the Ashtadhyayi find their focus on rule formulation, interpretation, and interaction. My proposal of derivation is made in view of what Panini does (acarya-pravritti) with rules of the Ashtadhyayi, and what statements (vyakhyana) were made on a given topic by Patanjali.
My presentation is all tied in with the interpretive conventions # (2) yathoddeshah samjna-paribhasham, and # (3) karyakalam samjna-paribhasham (PS) of Nagesha. It yields two kinds of ekavakyata considerations where one facilitates interpretation of a rule within adhikakars, and the other facilitates ekavakyata across domains, with no anuvritti consideration. Finally the derivational history yields a string of definitions which not only offer direction to individual derivations but also projects what rules will apply when and on what kind of string. Why does Panini repeat the use of definition terms in the Ashtadhyayi, so that they can clearly chart the path of derivation, and facilitate reconstruction of history of derivation? This all is new, and is in consonance with the tradition. The last section of this book presents a comprehensive view of modern studies on Panini to modern times.


1. Panini, Katyayana and Patanjali
The Sutra-Patha (SP)
The Vritti Texts
Vyakarana-Mahabhashya of Patanjali
The Prakriya Texts
The Siddhanta Texts
2. Domain, Recurrence and Reference
Rules and Operations
Reference to Antecedents and Referential Index
Names and Conventions from Controlling Domain
3. Rule Interaction and Application: Blocked– Blocker Relationship
Samanya, Vishesha and Shesha
General Blocking Considerations
Derivational System of Ashtadhyayi
Summary of the Derivational Mechanism
4. Modern Studies on Panini
Select Bibliography

Meet the Author
Rama Nath Sharma was born (1939) in a family of traditional Sanskrit scholars. He studied Sanskrit from his father Padmashree Pandit Raghunath Sharma, the author of the commentary Ambakartri on the Vakyapadiyam of Bhartrihari. After doing MA in Hindi Literature and MA in General Linguistics, he taught Linguistics at the University of Allahabad during 1962-66. He earned his PhD (1971) in General Linguistics from the University of Rochester, New York, and also taught Linguistics there (1971-76). He joined the faculty of University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii (1976). He also served as the Chairman of South Asian Studies and became Professor in 1987, and also was Chairman of the Department of Hawaiian and Indo-Pacific Languages (1997–2000). Prof. Sharma is an internationally recognized scholar of Sanskrit, with expertise in Panini’s Sanskrit grammar, the Ashtadhyayi 5th century bce. He published a six-volume translation study of the Ashtadhyayi (1987–2003), and a five-volume study on the Kashikavritti of Vamana and Jayaditya (in print with D.K. Printworld, 2017).
Books of Rama Nath Sharma