Kautilyas Arthasastrain the Light of Modern Science & Technology by: Sunil Sen Sarma
This work studies the scientific and technological contents of the Arthasastra. It makes inquisitive analyses to extract the latest scientific essence of observational facts, operational techniques, perceptual awareness of discriminal and classificatory propositions and hypotheses in fields like mineralogy, gemmology, mining, metallurgy, agriculture, architecture, civil engineering and environment, dealt within the treatise.
Year Of Publication: 2012
Pages : xiv, 271
Bibliographic Details : 2 Maps; 5 B/w figures; Glossary; Bibliography; Indices
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23 cm.
A Sanskrit treatise of the fourth century bc, Arthashastra is, ostensibly, the world’s oldest surviving document of its genre. Written by Kautilya (also known as Vishnugupta and Chanakya): the astute Brahmin preceptor and prime minister of Chandragupta Maurya, it is now widely recognized as a classic on statecraft, including a discussion of contemporary Indian polity, political theories, administrative mechanisms, war and peace, and a variety of other subjects. Though a lot has already been written on Kautilya’s world view of statecraft, polity and kindred themes, this book is veritably the first ever effort to examine Arthashastra from the standpoint of modern science and technology. Analysing meticulously layers after layers of Kautilya’s complex sutras (aphoristic statements), the author unfolds scientific perceptions, hypotheses, operational techniques and other significant dimensions of several ancient Indian disciplines, like minerology, mining, gemmology, metallurgy, agriculture, town planning, civil engineering, and even environment. Himself a professional geologist, Sunil Sarma has adopted the current normative techniques for the scientific evaluation of Arthashastra, while using all through modern idiom to spell out its scientific content. An unbiased study based on Sarma’s honest, altogether fresh interpretation of Arthasastra’s archaic Sanskrit language and its peculiar scientific terminology, the book will fascinate Indologists, historians of science, and many area-specialists.
1. Minerals, Gems, Ores: Identification and Occurrence
Physical Features used for Mineral Identification
2. Prospecting, Mining and Metallurgy
Prospecting (Search for Ores/Minerals)
3. Town Planning, Civil and Architectural Engineering
Architecture and Civil Engineering
Building and Towers
4. Land, Agriculture and Irrigation
Concept of Irrigation
5. Environment: Natural and Civic
Environment Related Issues
Natural Set-Up and Resources
Animal Welfare and Protection of Bio-Diversity
Civic Responsibilities for Protection of Vicinal Environment
Prevention from Fire
Contemporaneity of Kautilyan Concept of Environment
That Age of Transcendence
6. On Antiquity of Arthashastra
Appendix 1 : Critical Notes on Some Engineering Features
Appendix 2 : Subject-wise Classification of Sutras
Appendix 3 : Deconstruction of a few sutras
Index of Important Sanskrit Words