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Essential Forest Produce in Orissa

by: Nityananda Patnaik

Presenting a comprehensive product profile of Orissa’s forests, the volume studies reasons for underutilization of the state’s essential forest produce by tribal communities and proposes measures to help tribals reach this forest resource and thus strengthen their economy.



ISBN: 9788124602089
Year Of Publication: 2003
Edition: 1st
Pages : xxvi, 283
Bibliographic Details : Appendix; Bibliography; Index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23 cm.
Weight: 650


This volume is the 4th in the ongoing “Man and Forest” series – a series trying to highlight the relevance of ‘indigenous knowledge’ of various tribal communities in the sustainable management of forests and local resources – more specially against the growing challenges of economic development vis-à-vis environmental hazards and a declining resource base. Orissa’s forests, covering a little over 57,000 sq km (or 36.72% of the state’s geographical area), are known to have a profusion of ‘minor forest produce’ (MFP) which has been upgraded due to its importance for tribal livelihood and is called Essential Forest Produce (EFP) through the book. It comprises simple fodder and fuelwood to baffling medicinal herbs, besides numerous economically important plants yielding dyes, tannin, fibres, flosses, essential oils, edible fruits, seeds, leaves, honey among many other items. Yet, despite its enormous economic potential, about three-fourths of this forest wealth has so far been unutilized by the tribal communities largely because of its inaccessibility. With a holistic “product profile” of Orissa’s forests, an eminent anthropologist here looks for the rationale behind the vastly deficient utilization of its EFP – identifying the entire range of causes: from the tribals’ incapacity to reach this forest resource to their exploitation by middlemen/traders/moneylenders to the larger forest policy issues. Dr Patnaik also proposes measures which would help tribals not only to actualize the inherent potential of EFP but, in turn, strengthen their economy as well. It is a painstaking empirical study of interest to social anthropologists, environmental activists, foresters, development economists, forest resource economists planners and policy-makers.





List of Abbreviations

List of Tables

List of Visuals

List of Annexures

Forest Map of Orissa

Map of Orissa showing Main Forest

1. Theme of the Study
Essential forest produce: definition and scope
Area under forest
Types of forest
Tribal communities
Symbiotic relationship of tribals with forest

2. Forest Policy, Essential Forest Produce and Tribal Development
Forest in geological ages and historical times
Forest policy in retrospect
Forest administrative set-up
Forest policy, essential forest produce and tribal

3. Collection and Procurement of essential forest produce (EFP)
Types of essential forest produce
Seasonality of collection
Methods of processing and practice of replenishment
An overview of collection practices

4. Procuring and Marketing Agencies
Marketing Organisations
Government policy on lease of MFP
Procurement agencies and organisational set-up
Manner of procurement
Quantity of MFP
Tribal communities and exploiting elements

5. Product Profile
Items of essential forest produce
Essential forest produce and industries

6. Policy considerations on EFP Prospects for Development
Institutional finance

7. Policy assessment and concluding remarks
Data collection and record keeping
Collection and procurement strategy
Research and development

Appendix: List of Botanical Names




Meet the Author
Nityananda Patnaik formerly professor of anthropology and Director of the National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD), was a widely renowned scholar and an established author. In earlier years of his career, he taught anthropology at Utkal University and had also been a fellow of the prestigious Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla. Dr Patnaik was Director of the Social Science and Development Research Institute (SSADRI) which he set up at Bhubaneswar after his retirement from government service.