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Russia Looks at India

A Spectrum of Philosophical Views by: Marietta Stepanyants

The book presents a collection of articles by Russian scholars on Indian culture, philosophy and religion, exploring the Vedas, Vaiseshika, Samkhya-Yoga and Mimamsa traditions. It also covers topics like modern interpretations of Vedanta, polemic of Vishishtadvaita and Advaita Vedanta.

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ISBN: 9788124605851
Year Of Publication: 2011
Edition: 1st
Pages : xiv, 378p.
Bibliographic Details : index
Language : English
Binding : Hardcover
Publisher: D.K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
Size: 23
Weight: 750

Overview

This volume is a collection of articles, written by Russian scholars, on Indian philosophy, religion and culture. These articles explore key issues in the history of Indian philosophy, as well as the fundamentals of Indian religious thought and the problems of correlation between philosophy and religion in Indian tradition. The traditional schools of Indian philosophy, Samkhya and Yoga, Nyaya and Vaisheshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta, are analysed on the basis of their authoritative textual sources. Among other texts, Sankara’s Brahma-sutra-bhashya and Ramanuja’s Gita-bhashya are studied in depth, with a special emphasis on the polemic between Vishishtadvaita and Advaita Vedanta. The later syncretic Nyaya-Vaisheshika is investigated on the basis of Annam Bhatta’s Tarkasamgraha and Tarkadipika as much as a critical analysis of Buddhist philosophy is undertaken through Shantarakshita’s Tattvasamgraha. The modern Indian philosophy is also represented by highlighting the legacy of prominent personalities like Muhammad Iqbal and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Due attention is given to the philosophy of non-violence of Gandhi and its relevance to the current problems of humankind. A comparative turn is represented by a paper on Leo Tolstoy and Sri Ramakrishna.
The book, as a whole, is an attempt to demonstrate the range and quality of contemporary Russian scholarship on Indian philosophical tradition and culture.

Contents

GODABARISHA MISHRA
Foreword
MARIETTA STEPANYANTS
Preface
1. VLADIMIR SHOKHIN
Jaigishavya Branch of the Ancient Samkhya-Yoga Tradition
2. VICTORIA LYSENKO
The Atomistic Theory of Vaisheshika: Problems of Interpretation
3. YELENA OSTROVSKAYA
Syncretic Nyaya-Vaisheshika in Annam Bhatta’s Tarkasamgraha and Tarkadipika
4. ALEXEI PIMENOV
On the Correlation of the Philosophical and Ritualistic Aspects of Mimamsa
5. NATALYA ISAEVA
Shankara’s Commentary on the Brahmasutras
6. VSEVOLOD SEMENTSOV
Ramanuja’s Interpretation of the Bhagavad-Gita
7. RUZANA PSKHU
Polemic of Vishishtadvaita and Advaita Vedanta
8. GRIGORI BONGARD-LEVIN
Ancient Indian Culture and Materialism
9. ANDREY TERENTYEV
Logical and Methodological Schemes of Indian Religious Philosophy and their Interpretation
10. VALERI ANDROSOV
Correlation Between Philosophy and Religion: The Ishvara-pariksha in Shantarakshita’s Tattvasamgraha
11. VALERI RUDOY
The Vaibhashika Teaching on Determinants of Psychic Activity
12. NATALYA KANAEVA
Polemics Between Buddhists and Jainas about the Rules of Inference: As Presented in the Tattvasamgraha by Shantarakshita, and the Commentary Panjika by Kamalashila
13. VLADISLAV KOSTYUCHENKO
The Modernisation of Vedanta
14. MARIETTA STEPANYANTS
Muhammad Iqbal: As an Islamic Reformer
15. MARIETTA STEPANYANTS
The Philosophical and Socio-Polilical Views of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
16. MARIETTA STEPANYANTS
Philosophy of Non-violence: Lessons of Gandhism
17. ALEXEI LITMAN
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s Perennial Philosophy
18. NATALYA ISAEVA
K. Satchidananda Murty: Sitting at the Feet of Shankara
19. MARIETTA STEPANYANTS
“Dialectical Dynamism” of D.P. Chattopadhyaya
20. SERGEI SEREBRIANY
Leo Tolstoy Reads Shri Ramakrishna
Contributors
Index

Meet the Author
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Professor Marietta T. Stepanyants has been the Head of the Center for the Study of Oriental Philosophies at the Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, since 1980. She is the founder and the present chairperson of the UNESCO Chair in “Philosophy in the Dialogue of Cultures”. Her principal works are: in English: Islamic Philosophy & Social Thought in 19th and 20th centuries, Lahore: PPH, 1989; Sufi Wisdom, Albany: SUNY Press, 1994; Gandhi and the World Today: A Russian Perspective, New Delhi: Rajendra Prasad Academy, 1998; and Introduction to Eastern Thought, New York-Oxford: AltaMira Press, 2002. in Russian: Muhammad Iqbal: The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, Translation, introduction and comments, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, 2002; and The World of the Eastern Philosophy: Past, Present, Future, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, 2005. She has also edited about 30 books, among which the important ones are: in English: History of Indian Philosophy: A Russian Viewpoint, New Delhi: ICPR, 1993; Justice and Democracy: Cross-cultural Perspectives (Co-edited with Ron Bontekoe), Honolulu: Hawaii University Press, 1997; and Comparative Ethics in a Global Age, Washington: The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 2006; in Russian: Indian Philosophy: Encyclopedia, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, 2010.
Books of Marietta Stepanyants