Friedrich Max Müller (1823–1900) was a German philologist and Orientalist, mostly lived in Britain. He was one of the founders of the Western academic field of Indian studies (Indology) and the discipline of comparative religion. Max Müller wrote both scholarly and popular works on the subject of Indology. The Sacred Books of the East, a 50-volume series of English translations, was prepared under his direction. India: What Can It Teach Us? and Hitopadesha are a few of his scholarly works. He had a long stint at Oxford University in varied positions. Müller became Oxford’s first Professor of Comparative Philology, a position founded on his behalf. He held this chair until his death, although he retired from its active duties in 1875.