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  • Phenomenal Consciousness and Mind-Body Problem

Phenomenal Consciousness and Mind-Body Problem

In East-West Perspective
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About This Book
The problem of explanatory gap in the phenomenal consciousness has risen in the Western philosophy mainly because the consciousness itself and its manifestations or reflections are treated separately. Whereas, according to the Vedanta school of India, the phenomenal consciousness is merely manifestations of self-consciousness which is embodied in the human beings. In this approach, the phenomenal consciousness and self-consciousness are one and the same thing because the former depends upon the latter. Hence, there is no explanatory gap in the phenomenal consciousness. Similar is the case with the mind–body problem which exists in the Western philosophy mainly because the mind is treated as synonymous with  consciousness.
This book solves the above problems on the basis of the Indian philosophy and existential philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. In both the philosophies, there is no explanatory gap in the phenomenal consciousness and the mind–body problem.
  • Binding: : Hb
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124609460
  • Year : 2019
  • Pages : xv, 211
  • Weight (approx.) : 500
  • Bibliographic Details : Bibliography; Index
Preface
Introduction
Explanatory Gap in Phenomenal Consciousness
Manifestation of Consciousness
Advaita Vedanta — Yogacra Vijnanavda BuddhismMind–Body ProblemDescartes’s Formula — Sartre’s Interpretation of Descartes’s Formula — Vedantic Interpretation of Descartes’s Formula
The Identity Theory
Nested Hierarchy of Brain
David Bohm’s Concept of Matter
Matter: Wholeness and implicate order
What Is Order
Interconnection between Consciousness and Matter
1. Explantory Gap in Phenomenal Conciousness: Sloution in East–West Perspective
Introduction
Higher-Order Thought (HOT) as Explanation of Phenomenal Consciousness Critical Assessment
Kant’s Philosophy
Soul-Body Dualism
The Concept of I Think
Transcendental Unity of Self Consciousness

Vedantic interpretation of Transcendental unity of self-consciousness — Noumenon — Vedantic interpretation of Noumena — Sartre’s interpretation of Noumena

Pratyabhijna (Recognition) School of Kashmir Shaivism
Two Aspects of Consciousness: Light and Awareness — Light of consciousness (Prakasha) — Self-Awareness and Consciousness
2. Mind and Consciousness in East–west perspective
Introduction
Western Philosophy
Views of Sir William Hamilton Bart: Lectures on Metaphysics — Mind — Consciousness — Consciousness and Attention — Explanatory Gap in phenomenal consciousness and Mind–Body problem
Indian Philosophy: Mind and Consciousness in Upanishads
Mind — Consciousness
Mind and Consciousness in Advaita Vedanta   
Mind — Mind and Consciousness — Defining Four Aspects of Internal Organ, Manas BuddhiCitta — Ego
Mind and Consciousness in Buddhism
Concluding Remarks
3. Consciousness in Advaita Vedanta
Introduction
Self-consciousness and Knowledge
Consciousness as Foundational Knowledge
Criticism of Pure consciousness as a fictitious entity
Consciousness as Witness
Unity of Cit-Atman (Pure Consciousness)
Nature of Reality
Existence and Consciousness
Criticism — Reconciliation
Causal Body of Human Being and Causal Consciousness
Causal Body — Causal Consciousness
Concluding Remarks
4. Consciousness in Jean-Paul Sartre’s Philosophy of Existentialism
Introduction
Characteristics of Consciousness
Spontaneity — Absoluteness — Self-Consciousness — Transphenomenal Being
Classification of Being
Being in-itself — Being for-itself — The for-itself and the in-itself: Their Relationships — Kant’s Interpretation of Thing in-itself
Nothingness
Origin of Nothingness — Nothingness and Freedom
The Cogito
Pre-reflective Consciousness (Non-thetic Consciousness) and Reflective Consciousness 
   (Thetic Consciousness)
Pre-reflective consciousness
Reflective Consciousness
Unity between pre-reflective consciousness and reflective consciousness
Possibility of Pure Reflection
Consciousness and Time
Temporality of Consciousness — The Past — The Present — The Future — The Ekstatic Unity of Consciousness
Concluding Remarks
5. Intentionality in East–West Perspective
Introduction
Intentionality of Consciousness in Western Philosophy  
Intentionality of Consciousness in Phenomenology and Existentialism of Husserl — Intentionality of Consciousness in the Philosophy of Sartre — Cause and Motive — Undetermined Choice — Freedom
Intentionality of Waking Consciousness in Advaita Vedanta of Indian Philosophy
External Perception — Mental Mode — Cognitive Process
Perceptual Illusion
6. Solutions to Mind–Body Problem in East–West Perspective
arle’s solution to Mind–Body Problem — Body in Existentialism of Sartre
The Body as Being For-Itself
The Body for Others
The Third Ontological Dimension of the Body
Indian Philosophy
Dualistic philosophy of Samkhya–Yoga: Purusha and Prakriti
Prakriti — Purusha
Interaction between Prakriti and Purusha
Mind (Manas) — Body
Theory of Five Koshas of the Taittiriya Upanishad
Annamaya-Kosha (Matter and Life) — Pranamaya-kosha (Vital Sheath) — Manomaya-kosha (Mind Sheath) — Vijnanamaya-kosha (Intellect Sheath) — Anandmaya-kosha (Bliss Sheath)
Five Koshas as Solution of Body–Mind Problem
7. Mental Causation and Inner Sense in East–West Perspective
Introduction
Internal Perception or Self-Consciousness and Reflection as Explained by Hamilton
Memory
Inner Sense
Self-Consciousness and Mental Perception
Alaya-Vijnana and Karmic Seed in Yogacara Vijnanavada Buddhism
Alaya-Vijnana: Factors Responsible for its Origin
Karmic Seed
Main Function of Vijnana, Flow and Internal Causation
Flow of Alaya-Vijnana
Internal causation
Four Pratyayas
Five Mental Factors Associated with Alaya-Vijnana
Sparsha (Mental Contact) — Vedana (Sensation) — samjna (Conception) — Manaskara (Attention) — Cetana (Volition)
Sensation of Alaya-Vijnana
Manas: Nature and Its Activity
Pravritti-Vijnana
Alaya-Vijnana and Momentariness
Reconciliation
Epilogue
Bibliography
Index

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