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Essential Forest Produce in Orissa

This volume is the 4th in the ongoing "Man and Forest" series -- a series trying to below

About This Book

This volume is the 4th in the ongoing "Man and Forest" series -- a series trying to highlight the relevance of 'indigenous knowledge' of various tribal communities in the sustainable management of forests and local resources -- more specially against the growing challenges of economic development vis-a-vis environmental hazards and a declining resource base.

Orissa's forests, covering a little over 57,000 sq km (or 36.72% of the state's geographical area), are known to have a profusion of 'minor forest produce' (MFP) which has been upgraded due to its importance for tribal livelihood and is called Essential Forest Produce (EFP) through the book. It comprises simple fodder and fuelwood to baffling medicinal herbs, besides numerous economically important plants yielding dyes, tannin, fibres, flosses, essential oils, edible fruits, seeds, leaves, honey among many other items. Yet, despite its enormous economic potential, about three-fourths of this forest wealth has so far been unutilized by the tribal communities largely because of its inaccessibility.

With a holistic "product profile" of Orissa's forests, an eminent anthropologist here looks for the rationale behind the vastly deficient utilization of its EFP -- identifying the entire range of causes: from the tribals' incapacity to reach this forest resource to their exploitation by middlemen/traders/moneylenders to the larger forest policy issues. Dr Patnaik also proposes measures which would help tribals not only to actualize the inherent potential of EFP but, in turn, strengthen their economy as well.

It is a painstaking empirical study of interest to social anthropologists, environmental activists, foresters, development economists, forest resource economists planners and policy-makers.

  • Foreword By :
  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124602089
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124602085
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2003
  • Pages : xxvi, 283 p.
  • Bibliographic Details : Appendix; Bibliography; Index
  • Size : 23 cm
  • Weight (approx.) : 500 gm


List of Abbreviations 
List of Tables 
List of Visuals 
List of Annexures 
Forest Map of Orissa 
Map of Orissa showing Main Forest  

1. Theme of the Study 

Essential forest produce: definition and scope 
Area under forest 
Types of forest 
Tribal communities 
Symbiotic relationship of tribals with forest 

2. Forest Policy, Essential Forest Produce and Tribal Development

Forest in geological ages and historical times 
Forest policy in retrospect 
Forest administrative set-up 
Forest policy, essential forest produce and tribal development

3. Collection and Procurement of essential forest produce (EFP)

Types of essential forest produce 
Seasonality of collection 
Methods of processing and practice of replenishment 
An overview of collection practices 

4. Procuring and Marketing Agencies 

Marketing Organisations  
Government policy on lease of MFP 
Procurement agencies and organisational set-up 
Manner of procurement 
Quantity of MFP 
Tribal communities and exploiting elements 

5. Product Profile 

Items of essential forest produce 
Essential forest produce and industries 

6. Policy considerations on EFP Prospects for Development

Institutional finance 

7. Policy assessment and concluding  remarks

Data collection and record keeping 
Collection and procurement strategy 
Research and development 

Appendix: List of Botanical Names 

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