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Local Initiatives

Collective Water Management in Rural Bangladesh

This book illustrates how people in rural Bangladesh, without any institutional or material support, manage their water resources to make their environment safer or more productive. Case studies of over seven hundred local initiatives show that people have an underestimated capacity to design, construct, maintain and operate relatively complex water management systems and to mobilise large amounts of human, material and financial resources. They are neither passive victims of their environment, nor merely responding or reacting to programmes or services provided by 'outside' agencies. It was found, however, that the capacity to organise is much higher in some regions of Bangladesh than in others. This leads the author to examine conditions under which people get together to pursue common goals through a systematic, comparative analysis of the four regions covered by the research project.

The findings are further reviewed against the backdrop of academic and policy debates on collective action, participation, and management of common property resources.

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About This Book

This book illustrates how people in rural Bangladesh, without any institutional or material support, manage their water resources to make their environment safer or more productive. Case studies of over seven hundred local initiatives show that people have an underestimated capacity to design, construct, maintain and operate relatively complex water management systems and to mobilise large amounts of human, material and financial resources. They are neither passive victims of their environment, nor merely responding or reacting to programmes or services provided by 'outside' agencies. It was found, however, that the capacity to organise is much higher in some regions of Bangladesh than in others. This leads the author to examine conditions under which people get together to pursue common goals through a systematic, comparative analysis of the four regions covered by the research project.

The findings are further reviewed against the backdrop of academic and policy debates on collective action, participation, and management of common property resources.

  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124602669
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124602662
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2004
  • Pages : xxii, 290p.
  • Size : 23
  • Weight (approx.) : 650
  • Bibliographic Details : Several line-drawings & maps; 40 Coloured Photographs; Glossary; Bibligraphy; Index

Foreword 
Preface 
Abbreviations, Units & Measures and Currency 
List of Figures, Maps and Tables 
List of Visuals 

1. Context, Objectives and Approach 

Objectives 
Endogenous initiatives in Water Resource 
Management
Research Issues and Methodology  
Geographical Setting 

2. Conditions for Collective Action 

Collective Action Optimism 
Collective Action Pessimism 
Group Attributes 
The Role of the Context 
Summary 

3. National Context 

Natural Environment 
Patterns of Human Adaptation 
Aspects of Village Organisation 
Agrarian Structure 

4. The Role of the State in Water Resource Management  

Hydraulic Infrastructure and Water Management Prior to Modern State Interventions
Development of Modern Flood Control, Drainage and Large Scale Canal Irrigation Systems 
Minor Irrigation Development  

5. Canals, Dikes, Cuts and Closures…

The Logic of Local Water Management Initiatives
Irrigation Canals  
Crossdams 
"Janghals" 
Cutting and Closing Embankments 
Drainage Outlets and Irrigation Inlets 
Raising Roads and Embankments for Flood Protection 127 Salt Inlets, Ring Bundhs and a Partition Dike 
Collective Purchase and Management of State-provided Irrigation Schemes 
Cleaning Canals and Embankments 
Operation and Maintenance of BWDB Regulators 

6. Socio-Economic and Organisational Dimensions 145

Distribution of Benefits 
Patterns of Resource Mobilisation 
Organisational Practices 

7. Contextual Conditions for Collective Action: the Singularity of Chaptir Haor

The Haor Basin 
Chaptir Haor 
Natural Environment 
Organisation of Agricultural Production 
Agrarian Structure 
Haor Fishery 
The Role of the State 
Conclusions 

8. Conclusion 

Determinants of Collective Action: Group 
Attributes vs. Contextual Factors 
Policy Implications 

Glossary 
Visuals 
Bibliography 
Index
  

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