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A Forest Tribe of Borneo

Resource Use Among the Dayak Benuaq

Here is the third volume in the series Man and Forest: a series trying to highlight the relevance of 'indigenous knowledge' of various tribal communities in the sustainable management of forests/local resources against the growing challenges of environmental hazards and a declining resource base.

The volume takes the reader to the Dayak Benuaq village of Lempunah in Borneo (East Kalimantan, Indonesia) where, for over three hundred years, the local tribal population has made extensive use of its forest resources. More than a hundred locally-differentiated rice varieties and 150 other crops are cultivated over a mosaic forest of 9,200 ha. Besides maintaining a high level of bio-diversity, Lempunah villagers are managing an enormous reservoir of flora and fauna for their extended subsistence economy, including trade with various forest products over long distances. Market fluctuations and other uncertainties here are coped with by resource diversification and a high dynamic flexibility in switching between the use of resources.

Together with vivid descriptions, Christian Gonner offers an insightful analysis of local resource use patterns, covering swidden agriculture, mixed forest gardens, rattan gardens, rubber gardens, and the non-cultivated forest 'in-between' and temporal and spatial aspects of life in Lempunah. Christian Gonner has, for this study, applied ethnological, ecological, and geographical field-research methods.

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About This Book

Here is the third volume in the series Man and Forest: a series trying to highlight the relevance of 'indigenous knowledge' of various tribal communities in the sustainable management of forests/local resources against the growing challenges of environmental hazards and a declining resource base.

The volume takes the reader to the Dayak Benuaq village of Lempunah in Borneo (East Kalimantan, Indonesia) where, for over three hundred years, the local tribal population has made extensive use of its forest resources. More than a hundred locally-differentiated rice varieties and 150 other crops are cultivated over a mosaic forest of 9,200 ha. Besides maintaining a high level of bio-diversity, Lempunah villagers are managing an enormous reservoir of flora and fauna for their extended subsistence economy, including trade with various forest products over long distances. Market fluctuations and other uncertainties here are coped with by resource diversification and a high dynamic flexibility in switching between the use of resources.

Together with vivid descriptions, Christian Gonner offers an insightful analysis of local resource use patterns, covering swidden agriculture, mixed forest gardens, rattan gardens, rubber gardens, and the non-cultivated forest 'in-between' and temporal and spatial aspects of life in Lempunah. Christian Gonner has, for this study, applied ethnological, ecological, and geographical field-research methods.

  • Foreword By : Klaus Seeland and Franz Schmithusen
  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124601938
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124601933
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2002
  • Pages : xxvi, 366 p.
  • Size : 23
  • Weight (approx.) : 800
  • Bibliographic Details : 40 Colour illustrations; Appendices; Glossary; Bibliography; Index

Foreword 
Acknowledgements  
Summary 
Indonesian summary (Ringkasan) 
Abbreviations 
List of Illustrations
  

1. Research Context, Theoretical Frame and Methodology

Research Context 
Theoretical Frame 

The Ecosystem Concept -- The Application of the Ecosystem Concept -- The Ecosystem Concept in Anthropology -- The Reification Problem: Is the Ecosystem an Acting Entity? -- The Problem of Self-Regulation and Change -- The Problem of Units and Boundaries -- The Explanatory Problem -- Causal Nets -- Closing Remarks 

Field Approach and Data Analysis 
Methodology 

Mapping of Swiddens and Forest Gardens -- Household Interviews and Socio-Economic Survey

2. Research Area and Ethnography  

Research Area  
Ethnography of the Benuaq 

Ethnicity -- The Benuaq: History, Settlement Area and Language -- Social Stratification and Status -- Kinship and Marriage -- Households and Other Social Groups -- Traditional Adat Law and Land Tenure -- Cosmovision -- The Benuaq-Pantheon -- Rituals

Lempunah -- The Village, The People and Relevant Events

Description of Lempunah -- Chronology of Events in Lempunah 

3. Description and Analysis of Resource Use 

Land Use Categories and Succession Cycles 
Swidden Agriculture

 Decision-Making Processes before Establishing a Swidden -- Working Steps during the Swidden Cycle -- Yield and Rice supply -- Closing Remarks 

Simpukng Forest Gardens  
Rattan Gardens   

Rattan Cultivation in Lempunah -- Processing Steps, Value-Added and Price Development -- The Rattan Crisis 1989-98 

Rubber Gardens 
Functions of the Forest 'in-between' 

General Aspects -- Food From the Forest -- Traded Animals and Pets -- Construction Material -- Forest Medicine -- Other Useful Resources from the Forest 

4. Socio-Economy, Patterns and Strategies of Resource Use

Socio-Economy 

Extended Subsistence -- Income Sources -- Expenses 

Patterns of Resource Use 

Temporal Patterns -- Spatial Patterns 

General Strategies of Resource Use 

Manipulation of the Environment -- Conservation of Resources -- Temporal Fitting, Self-Dynamics and Flexible Response -- Diversification and Risk Minimisation -- Socially and Religiously -- Embedded Strategies

Closing Remarks 

5. Conclusions 

Prospects for Resource Use in Lempunah 
Final Reflections 

Annex- 1: Benuaq Word List 
Annex- 2: Extracted Plants 
Annex- 3: Cultivated Plants 
Annex- 4: Bird Species 
Annex- 5: Mammal Species 
Annex- 6: Reptile and Fish Species 

Glossary 
Visuals  
Bibliography 
Index

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