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Forest Tribes of Orissa (Vol. 3)

Lifestyle and Social Conditions of Selected OrissanTribes

In the management of renewable resources, forests have undeniably a vital role, and today, as never before, their conservation is an urgency. In view of this dire necessity the series Man and Forest tries to highlight the relev....read below

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About This Book

In the management of renewable resources, forests have undeniably a vital role, and today, as never before, their conservation is an urgency. In view of this dire necessity the series Man and Forest tries to highlight the relevance of indigenous knowledge of various South Asian tribal communities in the sustainable management of forests/local resources -- more specially against the growing challenges of economic development vis-a-vis environmental hazards and a rapidly declining resource base.

A scientific inquiry into indigenous knowledge is an effort to discover/rediscover the tribals' traditional modes of production and conservation. For them it is the only source to cope with the problems of modernity affecting their lives and precarious environments.

Forest Tribes of Orissa: The Juang is the seventh monograph in the series Man and Forest and, after the publication of an account of the forest world of the Dongaria Kondh in 2002, and the Kuttia Kondh in 2006. Being a tribal community in transition, the authors have tried to document and thus safeguard its local traditional knowledge of conservation, use and management of forests and natural resources. They give an account of how the Juang classify trees and other plants, hills, forests, crops and animals. Their subsistence economy, agricultural system, social organization, religious beliefs and other important socio-cultural aspects of forest life have been extensively treated. The lifestyle of this tribal community is finally reflected on the background of forest policy and the impact it has on their livelihood.

The present book is, as most of the volumes in the series, the outcome of nearly ten years' research venture involving an interdisciplinary, intercultural team of sociologists, ethnobotanists, and social anthropologists.

  • Foreword By :
  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124604151
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124604150
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2007
  • Pages : xxxi, 392 p.
  • Bibliographic Details : 3 Maps; 56 Coloured photos; Appendices; Glossary; Index
  • Size : 23 cm
  • Weight (approx.) : 800 gm

Foreword 
Preface 
List of Maps, Tables and Plates 
Map-1 India, Position of Orissa in India 
Map-2 showing Kendujhar District in Orissa  
Map-3 study area at Gonasika Panchayat region in Banspal block

1. The Juangpirh

The Study Area 
Previous Research 
Methodology 
Research Hypothesis 

2. Habitat and Community 

Pre-history and Early History of Kendujhar 
Physical Aspects of the District 
General Topography 
Rainfall and climate 
Minerals and Mining 
Industries 
Agriculture 
Forest 
Communication 
Juang and their Features 
Leaf Apron 
Settlement Pattern 
Political Organization 
Social Organization 
Economic Life 
Juang Religion 
Youth Dormitory 
Life Cycle 

3. Biodiversity, Natural Resources and Indigenous Knowledge

Biodiversity of Wild Plants
Vegetation
Flora -- The Plants of Gonasika and its Adjoining Regions 
Plants in Indigenous Use 
Life Cycle and Changes of Plants 
Fauna in Gonasika and Adjoining Areas 
Genetic Erosion 
Crop Diversity
Pattern of cropping in shifting cultivation 

4. Ethno-Ecological Classification  

Categorization of the Landscape  and its Use and Management  
The Classification of Hills 
The Classification of Valleys 
Sloping and Elevation of Hills 
Hill Tops 
Categorization of Soil 
Categorization of Vegetational Succession 
Nomenclature of the Hills, Forests and Streams 
Nomenclature of Plants 
Differentiation of Species as Determined by the Juang 
Nomenclature of Birds 
Classification of Seasons 

5. Material Culture 

Technology and Resource 
House Construction 
Agricultural Implements 
Hunting and Fishing Utensils 
Gathering Implements 
Domestic Utensils 
Storing 
Musical Instruments 
Crafts 
Adornment 
Miscellaneous 
Fuelwood 
Fuelwood Consumption 

6. Survival Requirements 

Forest Ecology and Economy 
Techniques of Food Getting
Seasons and Work Rhythm
Food Processing 
Cereals and Condiments 
Vegetables 
Greens 
Fruits 
Tubers  
Mushrooms   
Faunal Food 
Food Taboos
Preservatives and anti-fungi agents 
Ecology and Food Habits 

7. Ecological Anthropology 

Sacred Groves 
Fulbadi village 
Bali 
Tangarpada 
Upara Raidiha 
Guptaganga 
Jantari 
Management and Conservation
Conservation of fruit yielding plants
Conservation of wild food plants
Conservation of rare trees in sacred groves 
Soil Conservation
Conservation of Field Crops
Animal Conservation

8. Juang Myth and Folklore

Myths
Cosmogonic myths and other myths
Myth relating to shifting cultivation
Myth relating to the leaf dress
Myth about Juang food
Myth about the discovery of fire
Myth about the origin of clans
Origin of wine, beer, spirit
Origin of the vegetable world
Origin of rock and soil
Origin of cosmic bodies
Origin of lightning and thunder
Origin of water
Legends
Dreams
Proverbs
Vernacular Plant Names
Folk Songs
Folk Dances
Riddles

9. Indigenous Institutions and Forest Management

Conflict and Control
National Forest Policy -- A Review
Draft Forest Bill
National Forest Policy 1988 
The Orissa Forest Act, 1972 
National Forest Policy -- A Critique 
Customary Rights, Privileges and Concessions 
Developmental Programmes and People's Response 

10. Conclusion 

Implementation of Indigenous Knowledge 

Plates 
Appendix

1. Plants of Gonasika and its Adjoining Regions 
2. Plants in Indigenous Use 
3. Major Wild Animals 
4. List of Endangered Plants 
5. List of Cultivated Plants and Their Locations 
6. Cultivated Plants of Gonasika 
7. Uses of Wild Animals 
8. Dreams, Proverbs, Metaphors and Riddles
9. Folk Tales 

Glossary 
Index

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