The book discusses the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam with a view to enabling people of other religions to study the principles of Islam and to understand the similarities and differences between religions. In simple language, it deals with the concept of a prophet, the life of Prophet Muhammad, the contents of the holy text of the Muslims, the Qur'an, the Pillars of Islam, the history of Islam and practice of Islamic law. Along with the political, legal and social framework of Islam, it explores facets of Islamic mysticism -- Sufism -- by examining its major features like asceticism, love of God and knowledge of God. It finally looks into the basis for a dialogue between the Hindus and Muslims by delving into Quran'ic verses that stress plurality and the universality of diversity. The work will prove ample material for thought for the reader in general.