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Perspectives in the Vedic and the Classical Sanskrit Heritage

A distinguished scholar who has had a lifetime engagement with Sanskrit studies: ranging from the Vedic samhitas to contemporary literary criticism, Professor Davane here offers at once insightful, highly stimulating per below

About This Book

A distinguished scholar who has had a lifetime engagement with Sanskrit studies: ranging from the Vedic samhitas to contemporary literary criticism, Professor Davane here offers at once insightful, highly stimulating perspectives on diversely varied themes from classical Sanskrit literature, poetics, linguistics, dramaturgy, history, mythology and legendary narratives. And, these apart, brilliant reinterpretations of the Vedic views of the moon, samudra (ocean), dreams and deep sleep.

Reviewing the gamut of kavya definitions and its scope, in terms of the literary genres it encompasses, the book critically examines, for the first time, Rajashekhara's view of shabdaharana (verbal borrowings), kavisamayas (conventional poetic ideas) in Sahityashastra, and the progression of rasanishpatti in classical Sanskrit literature. It also seeks to gauge Mahamahopadhyaya Dr. P.V. Kane's contribution to Sanskrit poetics -- rather than his oft-appraised work on Dharmashastra.

Dr. Davane marshals an astonishing mass of original literary sources to highlight the all-expansive influence of Kalidasa's unparalleled Iyric: Meghaduta, on classical writings, the richness of Banabhatta's utprekshas (poetic imagination), the emergence of Sarasvati as a pantheonic deity, and how Sita, the epitome of ideal womanhood, has been varyingly portrayed by over twenty Sanskrit playwrights. Also shown, in addition, are the legends/myths about Samudra-manthana, Amritamanthan, Rahu-Ketu, Udayana, and Dhanvantari, in their altogether fresh perspectives.

This composition of Prof. Davane's writings is an essential reading for the scholars/researchers of Vedic and Classical Sanskrit literature.

  • Foreword By : S.D. Laddu
  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124600313
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124600317
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 1995
  • Pages : xvii, 275 p.
  • Size : 23
  • Weight (approx.) : 500
  • Bibliographic Details : Glossary; Bibliography; Index


1. Influence of the Meghaduta on Sanskrit Literature

Literature Explaining or Supplementing the MD

Commentaries -- Supplements to the Meghaduta -- Attempts at Utilising the Text of the Meghaduta for Jain Literary Works

The Dutakavyas or the Messenger-Poems

Birds as Messengers -- Insects as Messengers -- Inanimate Objects as Messengers -- Abstract Concepts Used as Messengers in Some of the Dutakavyas -- Mythological Messengers in Some of the Dutakavyas -- Human and Superhuman Beings as Messengers in Some of the Poems

The Causes of Separation
The Durations of Separation
The Topics of Description
The Routes to be Traversed
Ideas and Expressions Found in the Dutakavya Literature
Delineation of Vipralambha Shringara or Love in Separation
Description of Nature
Ideas and Expressions Parallel to those in the Meghaduta

2. Definition of Kavya and its Scope

Scope of Kavya
Definitions by Different Indian Critics
Vamana's Views about Kavya
Mammata's and Other Critics' Opinions
Some Outstanding Western Critic?s Views

3. The Goddes Sarasvati in Sanskrit Literature

Sarasvati in the Riv
Sarasvati as the Goddess of Learning in the Post-vedic Literature
Description of Sarasvati in the Post-Vedic LIterature
Metaphysical Aspect of Sarasvati
Sarasvati's Relation to Brahma

4. Sita in Sanskrit Plays

Views on Sita's Birth
Sita Svayamvara
Preparing for Vanavasa
Forest-Life in Vanavasa
Hanumat as a Messenger
War Between Rama and Ravana
Agnidivya of Sita
Sita's Separation from Rama

5. Poetic Conventions in Sanskrit Literature

Origin and Development
Kavyadoshas and the Poetic Conventions
Comparative Views by Different Critics

6. Samudra in the Rigveda

Differental Meanings According to the Eastern and the Western Scholars
Knowledge of 'The Sea' to the Aryans
Knowledge of the 'The Submarine Fire'
Development of the Meanings of the Word Samudra

7. The Moon in the Vedic Literature

The Moon in the Riv
The Moon in Other Samhitas
The Moon in the Brahmanas
The Moon in the Aranyakas
The Moon in the Upanishads
A Few Similar Ideas in Other Mythologies of the World

8. Dreaming-sleep and Deep-sleep in Vedic Literature

Samhitas of the Veda
The Brahmanas
The Aranyakas
The Principal Upanishads

9. Ushijah in the Rigveda

Sayana's Explanation of the Word Ushij
Ushijs as a Clan
Different Views About Aushija
Ushij as Uiskhsh Part of a Trio in the Avesta

10. Rigvedic Rishi Nabhanedishtha

Nabhanedishtha -- A Manava
Relationship Between Nabhanedishtha and Nabanazdista

11. The Fourteen Gems in the Legend of Samudra-Manthana
12. The Rahu-Ketu Myth

Rahu-Ketu in the Mahabharata
Rahu-Ketu in the Puranas
Views of Different Scholars
Eclipse-Myth According to Other Mythologies

13. A critical Study of Dhanvantari

Dhanvantari in Different Versions

The Original Phenomenon -- Dhanvantri's Relation with Vishnu -- Dhanvantari's Connection with the Science of Medicine -- The Origin of Medical Science in Comparative Mythology


14. MM. Dr. Kane's Contribution to Sanskrit Poetics

The Mutual Relation of Bhamaha -- Nyasa-Magha
The Problem of the Authorship of Dhvanyaloka

15. The Legend of Udayana

The Early History of Udayana or The Story of Mrigavati
Udayana-Vasavadatta Episode
Udayana-Padmavati Episode
Udayana and Other Heroines
The Birth of Naravahanadatta
Udayana's End

16. Utprekshas of Banabhatta

Definition and Scope
Imaginative Power of Bana
Utprekshas -- Pregnant with Meanings
Blending with Other Figures of Speech
Themes Appreciated by Bana
Glimpses of Social Life
Admiration of Bana's Imaginative Power

17. Good And Bad Verbal Borrowing According to Rajashekhara

Types of Borrowal of Ideas
Originality of Ideas
Types of Borrowing

18. Apavarya and Janantikam in Theory and Practice

Distinguishing Characteristics According to Sanskrit Critics
Different Views of the Practising Sanskrit Dramatists
Analytical Survey of the Plays
Technical Stage Direction: Different Methods
Post-Bhavabuti Sanskrit Plays
Views of Sanskrit Commentators
Modern Scholar's Views
Critical Analysis

19. The Process of Rasanishpatti


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