This book traces the evolution of Hinduism from ancient period to the modern age. It records Dravidian and Aryan symbiosis in Hinduism, and the impact of Greeks and British, Buddhism and Islam. Quoting liberally from Hindu sacred texts and related literature, this book enumerates the ethical and socio-political implications of Advaita Vedanta, delving into the working of self-consciousness and the falsity of the world. It emphasises the significance of the thoughts of Adi Shankara and others in this context. The book will be very useful for students and scholars of Hindu religion and philosophy as well as general readers.