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Some Glimpses

Along with Brahma and Vishnu, Shiva makes the Hindu trinity: the trimurti. The name, Shiva signifies 'auspiciousness'. But he is Rudra: the fierce, as well. Often looked upon as the principle of cosmic destructio below

About This Book

Along with Brahma and Vishnu, Shiva makes the Hindu trinity: the trimurti. The name, Shiva signifies 'auspiciousness'. But he is Rudra: the fierce, as well. Often looked upon as the principle of cosmic destruction, he also creates and reproduces. In abstract terms, Shiva is the first cause, the source of consciousness, the very substratum of the universe.

Shaivism: the worship of Shiva, is not just a dominant religious tradition. It is also a philosophy which, over the centuries, has evolved metaphysical doctrines on different issues of universal concern, specially the nature of Reality: Shiva (pati), and of its interrelatedness with the 'Individual Soul' (jivatman/pashu) and the world at large. Dr. Tagare's book is a brilliant effort to quintessentially unfold Shaivism and its principal philosophical expressions.

Spelling out a range of fundamental concepts like, for instance, pati (Shiva), pashu (individual soul), and moksha (liberation), the author offers a stimulating, highly systematic discussion of the major, agama-based Shaiva Schools, namely, Kashmir Shaivism, Siddhanta Shaivism, Shivadvaita (or Shaiva Vishishtadvaita of Shrikantha), and Vira-Shaivism (or Shakti-Vishishtadvaita); besides the Vedic Pashupatism -- with emphasis on how one school of Shaiva thought differs from the other. Finally describing some of its syncretic forms, Dr. Tagare demonstrates how Shaivism, through a balanced synthesis of yoga, karma and bhakti, inheres a strong relevance to the tension-riven world of our times.

Together with a glossary of Sanskrit terms and many bibliographic references, the book holds out a lasting appeal to the scholars of Indology, traditional Indian philosophy, and religion.

  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124600764
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124600767
  • Edition : 2nd Impression
  • Year : 2001
  • Pages : xii, 161 p.
  • Size : 23
  • Weight (approx.) : 400
  • Bibliographic Details : Glossary; Bibliography; Index



What is Shaivism
Cultural Contribution of Shaivism

1. Some Fundamental Concepts

Pati in Pashupatism
Pati in KSH
The Dualists' View
Pashu (Individual Soul)
Pasha or Mala

Karma Mala -- SSH Mala -- Mayiya Mala

Tattvas (Principles, Categories)
The Sankhya Theory Anticipated

Sankhya Analysis -- Tattvas in Shaivism

Linga Worship

Agni: Rudra -- Mukha Lingas -- Lingas with Faces -- Lingas with Four Faces -- Vigraha Lingas -- Sthanu Lingas -- Linga: The Para Brahman

Appendix I

Categories of Principles (Tattvas) and their Evolution as per Sankhyas  (Purusha being Aloof is not Included)

Appendix II

Tattvas  Analysed (As Per Kashmir Shaivism)

Appendix III

Classification of Tattvas According to Siddhanta Shaivas (Dualists)

2. Pashupatism (Dvaitadvaitism)

What is Pashupatism

Lakulisha -- His Time -- Spread of Pashupatism

The Founder Lakulisha: Historicity and Time -- Spread of Pashupatism -- The Basic Text -- Pashupata Sutras (Pash. S)

Main Tenets of Pashupatism

Philosophical Tenets of Pashupatism Compared with Other Systems

Moksha -- Karya (Effect) -- Causal Relation -- Kaivalya (Moksha) -- Difference From Purva Mimamsa

Pathway to Liberation

Stages I -- Stages II -- Stages III -- Stages IV --Stages V

3. Kashmir Shaivism

Trika Shastra
Trika-Shaiva Literature

Agama Shastra -- Spanda Shastra -- Pratyabhijna

Trika Philosophy
Functions of Shiva

Pashu (Individual Soul) -- Pasha, Bandha or Mala -- Moksha -- Anugraha or Shakti-Pata -- Upaya: Pathway to Moksha

Svatantrya Vada
Abhasa Vada
Kevaladvaita and Ishvaradvaita

4. Siddhanta Shaivism

Tirumandiram (TM)
The Tirumandiram (Summary)
The Shaivism of Tirumular
Siddhanta Shaivism in Tattva-Prakasha
Pashu (Individual Soul)
Pasha (Bondage)
Concept of Maya
Nirodha or Tirodhana
The Paths to Moksha (Liberation)
Dasa Marga (Corresponding to Dasya Bhakti of Ninefold Path of Bhakti) -- Sat-Putra Marga -- Sakha-Marga (Corresponding to Sakhya Bhakti of the Ninefold Division)
Presentation in Tamil Literature
Concept of Moksha

5. Shivadvaita: (Shaiva Vishishtadvaita of Shrikantha)

Shrikantha: His Magnum Opus Brahma-Mimamsa Bhashya

Shrikantha -- An Independent Thinker

Shrikantha and Ramanuja

Superiority of Shiva Over Narayana -- Upasana: Meditation -- Importance of Pashupata Vrata

Shivadvaita -- Based on Shruti

Pati: Brahma: Shiva -- Pashu: Jiva: Individual Soul -- Atomicity of the Jiva -- Mala: Pasha: Bondage

Moksha: Liberation
Shrikantha and Siddhanta Shaivism

6. Vira-Shaivism

Sarv a-Shruti-Sara
Vira-Shaivism Defined
The "Prophet"(s) of Virashaivism
Five Acaryas: Real Founders
Vira-Shaiva Philosophy
Pati: Para-Shiva: Brahma: Linga
Linga: Brahman
Classification of Lingas
Pashu: Atma: Pinda
Evolution of the Universe (Tattvas)
Moksha (Liberation)
Guidelines to Vira-Shaivas

7. Epilogue

The Veda: The Agama
Influence of Brahmanism
Bhakti -- The Path to Moksha
Some Minor Sects of Shaivism
Some Syncretic Icons


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