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The Vedanta Sutras of Narayana Guru

With an English Translation of the Original Sanskrit and Commentary

India's wisdom, one may say, attained its maturity in the Vedanta -- the end or culmination of veda (knowledge). Vedanta may be seen as the finest fruit on the tree of India's wisdom, for it brings below

About This Book

India's wisdom, one may say, attained its maturity in the Vedanta -- the end or culmination of veda (knowledge). Vedanta may be seen as the finest fruit on the tree of India's wisdom, for it brings the seeker that ultimate knowledge that ushers in the gift of self-fulfilment (ananda). Over the centuries, brilliant saint-scholars like Shankara, Ramanuja, Madhva have interpreted the Vedanta in different ways. The philosopher-poet Narayana Guru belongs to this class of noted exponents of the Vedanta. And his Vedanta Sutras is a masterpiece in his attempt to restate the original Upanishadic teaching of non-dual Reality -- his most succinct expression of that message. This book presents these sutras along with a highly-perceptive commentary that elucidates the Guru's interpretation of the Vedantic concept in a brilliant style.


Narayana Guru's Vedanta Sutras reveal the essential message of the Vedanta in 24 beautifully-fluent sutras. His simple and direct revaluation and restatement of the Vedanta, in general, has been found to be comprehensive and contemplative in its insight, reconciling the superficial disagreements of the Vedantic schools and restoring the pristine vision of the Upanishadic sages. In this scientific age, his work has often been acclaimed for its relevance. His Vedanta Sutras, compact yet profound in manner, is yet another example of this.


The thoroughly-engrossing commentary of Swami Muni Narayana Prasad is a unique effort. Its hallmark is his clear avoidance of exegesis with greater reliance on his personal conviction. Swami Muni Narayana Prasad places Narayana Guru on par with the sutrakaras like Badarayana, Jaimini, Gautama and Kanada with this beautiful elucidation.

  • Foreword By :
  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124606575
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124606579
  • Edition : 2nd revised edition
  • Year : 2013
  • Pages : xiv, 282 p.
  • Bibliographic Details : Appendix; Glossary; Index
  • Size : 23 cm
  • Weight (approx.) : 550 gm


The 24 Sutras

Sutra 1

Shankara's Prerequisites
Ramanuja's Prerequisites
Narayana Guru's View of Prerequisites
The Five Senses
Atha, In a Modern Age
The Indisputable Experience of Oneself
Jijnasa, The Desire for Wisdom
Meaning of 'Guru'
Narayana Guru's Emphasis on Atman

Sutra 2

Defining the Goal
Respectives of Reality
Seeking Cause
Mind and Matter
Confirmation of Theories
Tasya and Asya

Sutra 3

Inseparability of Consciousness and Self
The Words 'Brahman', 'Atman' and 'Tat'
Jiva, Jivatman and Paramatman
The Nature of 'I'
Atman, Dweller and Dwelling

Sutra 4

Cause and Effect

Sutra 5

From Outer to Inner
Existent or Non-Existent World

Sutra 6

Aksharam and Karta
Other Worlds
Logic and Reasoning
Names and Forms
Waking, Dreaming and Deep-Sleep (Avastha-Traya)
Good and Evil

Sutra 7

The Great Illusion
Vidya and Avidya
Happiness and Suffering

Sutra 8

The Principle of Urge
Senses, Mind and the Pramanas
Arthapatti and Anupalabdhi

Sutra 9

Knowledge, the Inciter to Action

Sutra 10

Knowledge in the Western World
Jnana, Jneya and Kshetra
Unity in Human Perceptions
Categories of Knowledge

Sutra 11

Rudratva in Fear
Rudratva in Changefulness
Rudratva in Ethics
Rudratva in Science
Rudratva in Religion
Rudratva in Nationalism and Racialism

Sutra 12

Ahanta and Idanta
'I' and 'Brahman'
Literal and Indirect Meanings
The Meaning of AUM
The Meaning of 'God'

Sutra 13

Appearances in Time
The Nature of Time
The Search

Sutra 14

Bhava and Abhava
The Distinct and the Indistinct
Sin, Merit, Destiny and Free-Will
Birth, Death and Reincarnation

Sutra 15

The Logic of Causality
Causality in Western Thought
Causality and Non-Duality

Sutra 16

'I' Sense
The 'I' as Body (Dehoham-Buddhi)
The 'I' as Soul (Jivoham-Buddhi)
'Mine' Sense

Sutra 17

Vedanta and Modern Physics
Different Goals
Indefinable One, Definable Many
The Value of Science

Sutra 18

Drik and Drishya
Sense Subjects and Objects
Living and Lifeless
Mind and Matter in the Six Schools
The Western View
Mind and Matter in the Bhagavad-Gita
The Upanishadic View

Sutra 19

Definitions of Happiness
Pleasure and Pain
Happiness as Defined in Indian Thought

Sutra 20
Sutra 21
Sutra 22
Sutra 23
Sutra 24

Reality and Actuality

Appendix: The Works of Narayana Guru

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