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Theories of Languages

Oriental and Occidental

The volume presents a panorama of the theories of language, covering both ancient and modern theories. It deals with the origin and development of ancient theories of language with their clear and unambiguous definitions, rules....read below

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About This Book

The volume presents a panorama of the theories of language, covering both ancient and modern theories. It deals with the origin and development of ancient theories of language with their clear and unambiguous definitions, rules and norms that offer impeccable solutions to all problems at syntactic and semantic levels. With systematic and logical explanations of language theories, the work examines ancient grammar including connection of vyakaranam with philosophy and sphota. It also takes up the origin and development of Western linguistic theories emphasising on the inability of modern linguistic science to agree on basic definitions, as of the meaning of a word, and concepts of discourse, text, macro sentence, with there being an attempt to constantly revise theories. It analyses the chief concepts studied by ancient Indian and other linguists pertaining to discourse, particularly the importance of inference in the Nyaya system of Indian philosophy and the Nyaya logical discourse.

The volume will provide students and scholars of philosophy a fundamental work on linguistic theories.

  • Foreword By :
  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124604557
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 812460455X
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2008
  • Pages : xii, 172p.
  • Bibliographic Details : Glossary; Bibliography; Index
  • Size : 23 cm
  • Weight (approx.) : 400 gm

Preface 
Key to Transliteration 
Introduction

1. Origin and Development of Ancient Theories of Language

Types of Discourse 
Purva-Mimamsa 
Abhihitanvayavada 
Anvitabhidhanavada  
Uttara-Mimamsa (Vedanta)  
Vyakaranam I  
Vyakaranam II  
Nyaya and Vaisheshika 
Alamkarashastram  
Vakyam (Sentence)  
The Karaka Theory 
Karta  
Karma  
Karanam  
Sampradanam  
Apadanam  
Adhikaranam  
Sheshah 
Padam (Word) 
Varnah (Phoneme) 
Medicine, Surgery and Linguistics 

2. The Connection of Vyakaranam with Philosophy and Sphota

Vagvyaparah (Speech-Process)

3. The Origin and Development of Western Linguistics

Contents
Humboldt 
Structural Linguistics 
Structuralism 
Discovery of Sanskrit and the Revolution in the Western World 
Refutations-Within  
Phonology  
Morphology 
Syntax 
Discourse 
Deictic Elements 
Machine Translation  
X-bar Theory  
Government Binding Theory 
Systemic Linguistics 
Tagmemic Theory

4. Oriental vs. Occidental 

Phonetics 
Padam and Word 
Vakyam and Sentence 
Vak and language 
Artha and Meaning 
Vyakaranam and Grammar 
Language Acquisition 
Pratibha (Competence) and Vyavahara (Performance) 

5. Discourse Analysis -- East and West 
6. Inference, Syllogism and the Logical Discourse 
7. Aryas and Purism of Language 

Relation of Shabda and Artha 
Categorization of Shabdas 

Glossary
Bibliography (Oriental & Occidental) 
Index

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