The book presents an understanding of the philosophical roots of Hinduism: the nature and meaning of Hinduism as revealed in its Shruti and Smriti traditions. The discussion begins with an analysis of the Shruti and Smriti streams as integral to Hinduism and shows that the growth and development of Hinduism is a result of constant interaction and mutual influence of the two traditions. It then focuses on the unique Hindu world-view which is the major source of unity of Hinduism’s diverse sects and sub-traditions. Prof. Ramamurty exminses in detail certain essential aspects of the Hindu philosophical thinking, such as the meaning of dharma as religion, man’s understanding of his own existence and reality, the Hindu conception of the divine and human destiny according to Hinduism. Written in a clear style, the book, reflecting the author’s deep scholarship in the subject, includes an index and a bibliography for the readers’ easy reference and further research on the subject.