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Social History of the Tamils (1707 - 1947)

Notwithstanding the prolificity of indepth researches in contemporary historiography, Professor Subramanian's book is the first concentrative effort to track down the social history of the Tamils.

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About This Book

Notwithstanding the prolificity of indepth researches in contemporary historiography, Professor Subramanian's book is the first concentrative effort to track down the social history of the Tamils.

Today, the Tamils, over fifty million of them, live in the south-eastern state of the Indian peninsula: Tamil Nadu -- which indisputably represents the very nucleus of millennia-old Dravidian culture in India.

The book offers a compelling account of the Tamils' society, economy, religious beliefs, educational mechanisms, arts, and cultural expressions during the years 1707-1947 -- when, significantly, the British domination blossomed, bloomed, and faded; when new thoughts, new ideas, and new ways of life came as irresistibly into the homeland of the Tamils as into the Indian subcontinent. Thus retracing over two centuries of the 'British connextion with India', the author here tries to show how the long colonial rule in India exposed the tradition-bound Tamilian society to Western influences -- with results that proved incalculable in both their range and depth.

Social History of the Tamils : 1707-1947 is the outcome of Professor Subramanian's decade-long, painstaking research, authenticated by an astonishing mass of evidence including archival records, Jesuit sources, Modi (Maratha) manuscripts, newspapers' reports, biographies, travelogues, literary writings, and even fictional works.

  • Foreword By :
  • Binding: : Paperback
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124601228
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124601224
  • Edition : 3rd Impression
  • Year : 2005
  • Pages : x, 526 p.
  • Bibliographic Details : Glossary; Bibliography; Index
  • Size : 23 cm
  • Weight (approx.) : 700 gm

Preface
Introduction

1. Social Conditions

Caste System

Special Features of the Caste System -- Left and Right Hand Castes -- Caste Councils -- Penalties -- Recent Trends

Joint Family and Women

Sati -- Child Marriage -- Devadasi System -- Changes in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries -- Western Health Services

Rural and Urban Communites

Village Functionaries -- Village Administration -- The Decline of the Village Pancayats -- Urban Communities -- Important Towns -- Social Life in the Urban Centres

Everyday Life

House -- Food -- Dress -- Ornaments -- Tattooing -- Social Ceremonies -- Festivals -- Entertainments -- Superstitions

2. Economic Conditions

Land and its Importance

Farming System -- Zamindari System -- The Ryotwari System -- Village Lease System

Economic Conditions

Small Tenants -- Landlords -- Serfdom

Industries and Industrial Classes

Trading Classes -- The Textitle Industry and the Weaving Classes -- The Decline of the Industries

3. Religion

Shaivism
Shri Vaishnavism
Christianity

The Policy of the Company -- Relics of Hindu Customs Among the Christians

Islam

Popular Islam -- Feasts And Festivals -- Saint Worship -- Magic -- Evil Eye -- Other Superstitions

Minor Religious Sects
Village Gods and Deities
Modern Religious Movements

Theosophical Society -- Ramakrishna and Vivekananda

4. Education

Indigenous Institutions of Learning

The Missionary Schools -- Sullivan Schools

Policy of the Government

The Cuddapah Scheme -- Munro and his Educational Survey -- Munro's Scheme of Education -- The Council of Education (1845-47) -- Education for All Classes (1854-82) -- The Mutiny ? And the Despatch of 1859

Education 1900-47

Primary Education -- Secondary Education -- Higher Education -- Professional and Technical Education -- Agricultural Education -- Medical Education

Education of the Depressed Classes
Education of the Muslims
Female Education

5. Art and Letters

Music
Dance

The Melatur Bhagavata Mela Dance Drama -- The Kuravanci Dance -- The Folk Dance

Cinema
Architecture
Sculpture
Painting
Literature
Tamil Prose

Novels -- Journals and Other Reformist Literature -- Books on Modern Knowledge

Poetry

Subramania Bharati (1882-1921) -- Bhratidasan (1891-1964) -- Namakkal Ramalingam Pillai (1888-1944) -- Kavimani Desika Vinayakam Pillai (1876-1954) -- Yogi Shuddhananda Bharati (1897-1990) -- Christian Poets --   Muslim Poets

6.Conclusion

Bibliography
Glossary
Index

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