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Artisans and Craftsmen of Northern India

The basic aim of the book is to expose the major contributions of artisans and craftsmen in portraying the society in different perspectives. These artisans and craftsmen, were below

About This Book

The basic aim of the book is to expose the major contributions of artisans and craftsmen in portraying the society in different perspectives. These artisans and craftsmen, were drawn mostly from the shudras, lower caste of the community, suppressed and have-nots section of the society, but were highly talented. The work is also designed to create interest among the reader and scholars alike, to understand the society of the period under reference through the immortal art of these creative people. The artisans such as potters, weavers, carpenters, architects, sculptors, brick-makers, metallurgy and metal workers, leather workers, painters, and the workers engaged in the profession of ivory, glass and mirror, perfume and cosmetic, musical instrument, oil, salt and liquor makers, etc. were the heroes of that time, who not only met the day-to-day requirement of the then society, but also portrayed different aspects of their life, in its true color, through their workmanship. It was the architect who designed and constructed houses to live in, as well as water tank, well and channel, royal building, stupa, temple and fort, bridge, pillar and rock-edict etc., which met the need of the society.

Today, we feel proud of the rich heritage of old Indian art and architecture, credit for which solely goes to the then artisan who crafted immortal creations. However, the invaluable contribution made by the historians in immortalizing their creations, by putting them in black and white, is no less important. It is the historian, whose mighty pen has immortalized not only Ashoka the great, as a king but also the creators of the stupas of his times on equal footings. It is with this aim in view that the present book has been presented to the posterity, in order to pay rich tributes to the creators of our rich cultural heritage.

Unluckly there was no proper institutionalized provision for the education of artisans and craftsmen, so generally the former adopted the occupation of their parents and hereditary skill was enhances as it was transferred from father to son, and generation to generation. Contemporary sources reveal that the social stautus of artisan class was based on the nature and economic conditions of a particular profession.

  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124605233
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124605238
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2009
  • Pages : xxiv, 262p.
  • Size : 23
  • Weight (approx.) : 950
  • Bibliographic Details : 41 b/w photographs; Glossary; Bibliography; Index

Transliteration Table


1. Introduction 
2. Stone Workers 


3. Goldsmiths and Metal Workers 

Works of Goldsmiths 
Metal Workers 
Blacksmiths in the Village 
Copper Workers 
Metal Sculptors 

4. Weavers 

The Implements of the Weavers 
Village Weavers 
Varieties of Clothes 
Centres of Textile Industry 
Export Variety of Clothes 

5. Miscellaneous Artisans And Craftsmen 

Leather Workers 
Wood Workers 
Ivory Workers 
Glass Makers 
Makers of Musical Instruments 
Umbrella Makers 
Perfume Makers and Cosmetics Makers 
Oil Makers 
Salt Makers 


6. Training Of Artisans And Craftsmen 

Training by Parents 
Training by Guilds 
Training by Individual Master Craftsmen 
Training by Educational Institution 
Subjects of Study 

7. Guilds 

Guilds in the Early Medieval Period 
The Organization of Guilds 
Functions of Guilds 
Transformation of Guilds into Castes 
Decline of the Guilds 

8. Social Status 

Social Status in the Early Medieval Period: Position in the Varna System
The Shudras 
The Antyajas 
Adhama and Adhamadhama 
Untouchability of Artisans and Craftsmen 
Settlement Patterns of Artisans and Craftsmen 
Right of Sanskaras 
Religious Endowments 
Social Status of Some Artisans and Craftsmen 
Organizations of Artisans and their Social Status 
Artisans and Craftsmen Aided 
Impact of the Arab Invasions

9. Economic Conditions 

Early Medieval Period 
Organization of Guilds for Economic Benefit 
Changing of Profession for Economic Benefits 
Richer Section of Artisans and Craftsmen 
Paying of Taxes by Artisans and Craftsmen 

10. Conclusion 


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