This book is a scholarly effort to examine various aspects of Museology and Museography. It discusses the origin of the word “museum” — its definition, types of museums, famous museums of the world that have developed since the eighteenth century and the development of museums in India. It deals with the educational role of museums: its provision of non-formal, visual, recreational education through creating awareness by its various activities. It is concerned with different aspects of museum architecture. In a detailed study of museum management and maintenance, it takes up the mode of collection, documentation, exhibition and conservation of diverse items, as well as museum ethics and museum security. A special effort has been made to clarify the terms and concepts like marketing, orientation, evaluation, communication and administration which are deeply related to museums. The book deals with the role of some international organisations and conventions with regard to collection and preservation of materials. The attempt has been to simplify the subject and present its methodologies with clarity. This book will interest students of Museology and Conservation as also Museum Professionals as it provides useful guidelines about Curatorship.