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Science and Golden Ratios in Mandala Architecture

Indian temples are a rich repository of the religious, cultural, and artistic life of the society. Of special importance here are the circular, intricate, and artistic patterns called the mandalas, which are placed in the bhuvaneshvari of the temple that is conceived as the microcosmic representation of the cosmos in a temple.

The study of the significance of the mandalas are based on the aspects like symbolism, fractals, numerology, and sacred geometry that are used as codes to reveal the mystery of the universe and the eternal laws that govern the order of the universe. The diagrams of mandalas, concealing vast and grandest knowledge of science and spirituality in an amalgamation, are condensed to simplest graphic designs so that the knowledge of science was accessible to the commoners. The study presents the structural, philosophical and scientific perspectives of some mandalas belonging to the early Calukya, late Calukya and the Hoysala temples of south India. The research work also explores the study of the Golden ratios on which the mandalas and the divine images of the temples are designed.

The book will prove extremely absorbing to scholars concerned with the study of the art and architecture of the ancient divine sculptures.

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About This Book

Indian temples are a rich repository of the religious, cultural, and artistic life of the society. Of special importance here are the circular, intricate, and artistic patterns called the mandalas, which are placed in the bhuvaneshvari of the temple that is conceived as the microcosmic representation of the cosmos in a temple.

The study of the significance of the mandalas are based on the aspects like symbolism, fractals, numerology, and sacred geometry that are used as codes to reveal the mystery of the universe and the eternal laws that govern the order of the universe. The diagrams of mandalas, concealing vast and grandest knowledge of science and spirituality in an amalgamation, are condensed to simplest graphic designs so that the knowledge of science was accessible to the commoners. The study presents the structural, philosophical and scientific perspectives of some mandalas belonging to the early Calukya, late Calukya and the Hoysala temples of south India. The research work also explores the study of the Golden ratios on which the mandalas and the divine images of the temples are designed.

The book will prove extremely absorbing to scholars concerned with the study of the art and architecture of the ancient divine sculptures.

  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124605875
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124605874
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2011
  • Pages : xxi, 284 p
  • Size : 23
  • Weight (approx.) : 600
  • Bibliographic Details : 48 Colour & b/w photographs, Glossary; Bibliography; Index

Preface 
World of Mandalas
  
Introduction 
1. The Basics of the Mandala 

The Central Axis of the Temple 
The Purpose, Structure and Meaning of a Mandala 
Wave Pattern in a Mandala 
Graphic Symbols and Geometric Patterns of the Mandala 
Lotus Bud and the Koshas -- the Sheaths Enveloping the Soul 
Lotus Designs 
Shape of Lotus Petals 
Pancayatana and Bhadra Mandalas 
Kirtimukha: The Face of Glory 
Number Symbolism 
Fractals: An Interpretation and Representation 
Iconographic Representation of Pancabhutas, the Five Elements 

2. The Structure, Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives of Mandalas in Temples 

Laws of Motion in the Svastika Mandala of Badami Cave 
The Dissolution of the Universe - The "Crunch" in the Matsya Mandala of Badami Cave No. 2 
The Source of Energy: Naga Mandala at the Badami Cave 
Mandala of the Cosmic bi-unity at the Somanathpur Temple 
Rhythm of Life in the Mandala of Keshava Temple, Somanathpur 
The Birth of the Universe in the Mandala of Belavadi Viranarayana Temple 
The Astronomical Time Cycles of Ancient Hindu Philosophy in the Mandala of Belavadi Viranarayana Temple 
Manifestation of Sound in the Mandala of Virabhadra Temple, Keladi 
The Power of Light in the Mandala at Belur Cennakeshava Temple 
Mandalas in Square Grids 
The Significance of the Astadikpala Mandala at Marale Siddheshvara Temple 
Mandala of Square Grids in Marale Siddeshvara Temple 

3. Golden Ratios in Mandalas: And their Application in Hindu Divine Sculptures

Golden Ratios and Geometry in the Mandala of Ittagi Mahadeva Temple 
Golden Ratios in the Mandala of the Hoysaleshvara Temple at Halebid 
Application of Golden Rectangles in the Hindu Divine Sculpture of Tirupati Venkateshvara 
Golden Ratios in the Nataraja Sculpture of Cidambaram 
Divine Proportions (Golden Ratios) in the Sculpture of Gommateshvara at Sharavanabelgola 
Golden Ratios in the Buddha Image at Saranath 

Epilogue 
Illustrations 
Glossary 
List of illustrations 
Bibliography 
Index
  

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