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History and Culture of Tamil Nadu (Vol. 2)

As Gleaned from the Sanskrit Inscriptions (c. 1310 - c. 1885 AD)

Epigraphy, or the study of inscriptions, has played a very important role in reconstructing the history of India. Tamil Nadu in particular has a very large number of epigraphs, which have been of immense help to historians in writing about the history of the Tamil country. The majority of these inscriptions are written in Tamil. However, beginning from the sixth century ad, a large number of inscriptions, both lithic and copper-plate grants came to be composed in Sanskrit as well. Some of these epigraphs are wholly in Sanskrit while some, especially the copper-plate inscriptions, are bi-lingual, with the first or prashasti portion in chaste Sanskrit and the second or operative part of the record being in Tamil.

While volume I dealt, in detail, with the Sanskrit inscriptions belonging to the Pallavas, Pandyas, Colas and their feudatories up to c. 1310 ad, this book deals with the Sanskrit inscriptions of the period of the Vijayanagara, Nayaka, Later Pandya and Maratha kings who ruled over Tamil Nadu. These Sanskrit records provide interesting and valuable details regarding civil and military administration, social and economic life, education, literature and the religious and cultural conditions of those times and have been very well presented in this work.

This book is an important contribution not only to the field of epigraphy, but to the history of South India in general and the history of Tamil Nadu in particular.

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About This Book

Epigraphy, or the study of inscriptions, has played a very important role in reconstructing the history of India. Tamil Nadu in particular has a very large number of epigraphs, which have been of immense help to historians in writing about the history of the Tamil country. The majority of these inscriptions are written in Tamil. However, beginning from the sixth century ad, a large number of inscriptions, both lithic and copper-plate grants came to be composed in Sanskrit as well. Some of these epigraphs are wholly in Sanskrit while some, especially the copper-plate inscriptions, are bi-lingual, with the first or prashasti portion in chaste Sanskrit and the second or operative part of the record being in Tamil.

While volume I dealt, in detail, with the Sanskrit inscriptions belonging to the Pallavas, Pandyas, Colas and their feudatories up to c. 1310 ad, this book deals with the Sanskrit inscriptions of the period of the Vijayanagara, Nayaka, Later Pandya and Maratha kings who ruled over Tamil Nadu. These Sanskrit records provide interesting and valuable details regarding civil and military administration, social and economic life, education, literature and the religious and cultural conditions of those times and have been very well presented in this work.

This book is an important contribution not only to the field of epigraphy, but to the history of South India in general and the history of Tamil Nadu in particular.

  • Binding: : Hardbound
  • 13 Digit ISBN : 9788124603697
  • 10 Digit ISBN : 8124603693
  • Edition : 1st edition
  • Year : 2007
  • Pages : xvii, 198
  • Size : 23
  • Series Number : No. 31
  • Series Name : RECONSTRUCTING INDIAN HISTORY & CULTURE
  • Weight (approx.) : 475
  • Bibliographic Details : Appendix; Bibliography; Index
Foreword by K.V. Ramesh
Preface
Abbreviations
Key to Transliteration
Introduction
1. Administration
Duties of a king — Kings as upholders of Social Order — Divine Origin — Coronation Ceremony — Viceroys — Emblems — Ministers — Military Administration — Weapons wielded by the kings — Army Divisions — Elephants — Artillery
2. Social and Economic Life
Brahmanas — Other Castes — Queens — Queens of the Madurai Nayakas — Queens of the Tanjavur Nayakas — Brahmana Women — Economic Life — Crops — Irrigation — Tanks and Channels — Special Privileges — Medicine — Temples
3. Education and Literature
Harihara II — Virupaksha — Deva Raya I — Deva Raya II — Vira-Nrisimha — Krishnadeva Raya — Acyuta Raya — Shriranga Raya — Venkata II — Venkata III — Nayaka kings of Madurai — Nayaka kings of Tanjavur — Later Pandyan kings — Marathas — Mathas — Poet-Composers of the Sanskrit Inscriptions — Literary Beauty of the Sanskrit Inscriptions — Manipravala Style — Vaishnava Mythology — Venkatesha — Varaha — Rama — Krishna — Bhudevi — Shaiva Mythology — Ardhanarishvara — Sharada — Ganesha — Muruga — Indra — Brahma
4. Religion
Harihara II — Virupaksha — Deva Raya I — Deva Raya II — Mallikarjuna — Krishnadeva Raya — Acyuta Raya — Sadashiva Raya — Tirumala I — Shriranga Raya — Venkata II — Venkata III — Nayaka rulers of Madurai — Nayaka rulers of Tanjavur — Raghunatha — Nayaka — Later Pandyan Kings — Marathas — Vassal chieftains, ministers and officials — Uttamanambis — Tatacarya — Spiritual preceptors — Vidyaranya — Mahadanas — Tulapurusha 
Plates
Bibliography
Index

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