The nine decades of research in Harappan studies have seen a significant paradigm shift from the Punjab and Sindh of Pakistan to Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan of India. This series of publication entitled Harappan Studies aims at sharing updated information and knowledge on the Harappan Civilization, but it does not confine only to ‘the Mature Harappan period’ in a narrow sense. In order to understand the historical significance of the Harappan civilization, a wider perspective, both in space and time, is required. From this point of view, this publication series aims to gather various viewpoints and information in order to understand how the urban society took birth, how the Harappan Civilization influenced the later history in South Asia and what the Harappan Civilization was in terms of the historical perspectives. Not only the Mature Harappan period but earlier and later periods are also in its scope. The emphasis here shall not only be on the interpretation of the new discoveries but also on the reinterpretation of the already known findings.
The present volume, the first of the series Harappan Studies, contains three research papers. The first one is a comprehensive report of the Bara phase of the Harappan Civilization based on excavations conducted at Sanghol. Though the site was excavated by various scholars affiliated to the different agencies but so far no detailed report has come out. This report in the form of a research paper shall open new vistas about this culture about which not much is known. The second paper focuses on the site-catchment analysis of Farmana, an important archaeological site in the Rohtak district of Haryana which was jointly excavated by Deccan College, Pune; R.I.H.N., Kyoto, Japan and M.D. University, Rohtak. The third research paper deals with the study of pottery from Bedwa (Rohtak) from where remains of Harappan Necropolis were found. The authors have not only given a detailed report of the pottery, its classification on the basis of the physical and technical aspects but has also profusely illustrated the details. This paper gives an analysis of the burial practices in the Ghaggar basin.