The contemporary relevance of Gandhian economic thought with special focus on the rural industrialization forms the central theme of this book. Policies related to planned economy after Independence have not brought the desired changes. Uncontrolled, unplanned and un-regulated industrialization and urbanization have led to many disastrous consequences. In view of this, the book explores the suitability of Gandhian model as a possible remedy for the various economic problems in developing societies. Thus, various Gandhian approaches have been critically analysed with regard to rural and farm development, utilization of human labour and their skill, development with equity, decentralized development, his vision of Gram Swarajya etc. The book also brings out the various facets of the different voluntary organizations working in this area and their constructive contribution. The book, undoubtedly, is a meaningful contribution to the study of Gandhian economic thought. This will be very useful to the students at under-graduate and post-graduate level. This would also serve as a reference book for researchers, Gandhian and Sarvodaya institutions. This will be quite helpful to decision makers in framing and implementing agricultural, industrial and environmental policy.