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Bhushan Kumar Kaul Deambi

Nationality: Indian

Gender: male

Date Of Brith: 01/02/1937

Present Position: Retd. University Faculty Member

Awards Received:

1. Awarded Punjab University Medal for securing first position with First Class in M.A. in Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology.
2. Awarded best book awards for (a) Corpus of Sharada Inscriptions of Kashmir (b) History and Culture of Ancient Gandhara (N.W. Pakistan) and Western Himalayas by Jammy and Kashmir State Academy of Art, Culture and Languages in 1983, 1986.
3. Awarded Senior Fellowship in Epigraphy by the Department of Culture, History of Art Culture and Tourism, Govt. of India in 1997.

Academic & Professional Qualifications:

Bachelor Bachelor of Arts Kashmir University 1955
Master M.A. in Hindi Punjab University 1959
  M.A. in Sanskrit Punjab University 1957
  M.A. in Ancient History, Culture and Archaeology Punjab University  
Ph.D Sharada Inscriptions - Historical and Cultural Study Punjab University  


Position(s) Held:

1 Head of the Sanskrit and Hindi Dept., G.M. College 1960 1980
2 Reader (Sanskrit, Ancient Indian History and Culture)    
3 Centre of Central Asian Studies Kashmir University 1980 1997
4 Director Centre of Central Asian Studies Kashmir University 1987 1990
5 Visiting Faculty Dept. of History, Kumaon University 1992 1997


Membership(s) of Societies/Association:

Life Member Epigraphical Society of India
Member Oriental Conference
Member Place Names Society of India.

About the Author

Dr B.K. Kaul Deambi, born on 1st February 1937 in Srinagar, obtained his Masters degrees with distinction in Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology; and also in Sanskrit from Panjab University. He further completed his PhD from there under the able guidance of the epigraphy stalwart of northern India Prof. Jagan Nath Agrawal. He worked as Professor of Sanskrit and Hindi in Gandhi Memorial College, Srinagar; rose to become Reader and then Director of the Centre of Central Asian Studies, Kashmir University. He was finally Visiting Faculty member in the Department of History, Kumaun University. His works include Corpus of the Sharada Inscriptions of Kashmir; History and Culture of Ancient Gandhara and Western Himalayas, both of which were awarded by the Academy of Art, Culture and Languages, Jammu & Kashmir State. He was awarded Senior Fellowship in Epigraphy by the Department of Culture, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Govt. of India for writing the current work. His ensuing publications include Studies in Indian Epigraphy containing author’s selected papers on Indian epigraphy published in reputed journals and books; and Catalogue (Vol. I) of the Sanskrit manuscripts preserved in the Manuscripts Library of the Directorate of Libraries, Museums and Archaeology, Jammu & Kashmir, Srinagar.

Details of Books/Monographs

1 Corpus of Sharada Inscriptions of Kashmir Agam Kala Prakashan 1982
2 History and Culture of Ancient Gandhara and Western Himalayas Ariana Publishing 1985
3 Catalogue of the Sanskrit manuscripts preserved in the Manuscripts Library of J&K State Dept. of Archaeology and Museums Srinagar Kashmir Vol. I Centre of Central Asian Studies Kashmir University  
4 Sharada and Takari Alphabets Origin and Development D.K. Printworld  


Details of Articles

1. Gandhara (N.W. Pakistan) Corridor Between Central Asia and India with Special reference to Hindu sahis of Gandhara and Afghanistan, Research Bulletin Vol. Iv, 2006, Vishveshvaranand Vedic Research Institute Hoshiarpur.
2. The Sharada Alphabet (A Link Between) Kashmir and Central Asia, Journal of Central Asian Studies Vol. IV.
3. Khonamah Inscription of the reign of Jayanolabaden Shah (Zain-ul-abidin), Vishveshvaranand Indological Journal, Vol. XVII, 1979.
4. Some Important Sharada Inscriptions of Kashmir - A Socio Political Study, Journal of the Epigraphical Society of India, 1976.
5. Buddhist Education in Kashmir, Journal of Central Asian Studies, CCAS Kashmir University.
6. Sanskrit Sharada Inscriptions of Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and NWFP (Gandhara), A Literary Study, Research Bulletin Vol. I, 2002, Vishveshvaranand Vedic Research Institute, Hoshiarpur.
7. Ancient Kangra and the Baijnath Prashast is Vishveshvaranand Indological Journal, Vol. XIX, 1981.
8. Socio-Economic Profile of Ancient Chamba and Kangra as gleaned from Sharada Inscriptions, Proceedings of National Seminar on Himachal Pradesh - A Socio Cultural Profile, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, 2000.
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Sharada and Takari Alphabets

Among the Indian scripts the Sharada script has a pride of place. Though an alphabet of Kashmir par excellence it remained for several centuries a popular script of an extensive area of north-western India including Afghanistan, Gandhara or north-western Pakistan, the Darad territories of Gilgit, Chilas and Chitral, Ladakh, Jammu, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi. The epigraphic and literary records written in the Sharada script that have surfaced in these regions have thrown welcome light on many facets of the history and culture of the area of their provenance. Nearly the entire extant manuscripts of Sanskrit works including those on science, mathematics and erotics besides some old Kashmiri texts are written in this script.

The Sharada alphabet was replaced in the 13th century by its descendant, the Devashesha, which in turn gave rise to the modern alphabet of Takari. The epigraphic, literary and other valuable documents of Himachal Pradesh available are mostly written in Devashesha and Takari. But it is sad that the number of scholars having a sound knowledge of the Sharada and Takari scripts is extremely small. There is every apprehension of the complete loss of these two scripts unless serious measures are taken to disseminate the knowledge under the guidance of the epigraphy stalwart to our younger generation of scholars.

The entire study of the present work is based on original records and is comprehensively illustrated by palaeographic tables and charts prepared from published facsimilies, photographs, and original inscriptions and manuscripts. To give an idea of the records written in these two scripts, printed photographs of the inscriptions, manuscripts, documents, etc. have been given at the end of the book.